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Positive Geothermal Anomalies in Oceanic Crust of Cretaceous Age Offshore Kamchatka : Volume 3, Issue 1 (12/05/2011)

By Delisle, G.

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Book Id: WPLBN0004021803
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 24
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Positive Geothermal Anomalies in Oceanic Crust of Cretaceous Age Offshore Kamchatka : Volume 3, Issue 1 (12/05/2011)  
Author: Delisle, G.
Volume: Vol. 3, Issue 1
Language: English
Subject: Science, Solid, Earth
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection (Contemporary), Copernicus GmbH
Publication Date:
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications


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Delisle, G. (2011). Positive Geothermal Anomalies in Oceanic Crust of Cretaceous Age Offshore Kamchatka : Volume 3, Issue 1 (12/05/2011). Retrieved from

Description: Bundesanstalt für Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe (BGR), Stilleweg 2, 30655 Hannover, Germany. Heat flow measurements were carried out in 2009 offshore Kamchatka during the German-Russian joint-expedition KALMAR. An area with elevated heat flow in oceanic crust of Cretaceous age – detected ~30 years ago in the course of several Russian heat flow surveys – was revisited. One previous interpretation postulated anomalous lithospheric conditions or a connection between a postulated mantle plume at great depth (> 200 km) as the source for the observed high heat flow. However, the positive heat flow anomaly – as our bathymetric data show – is closely associated with the fragmentation of the western flank of the Meiji Seamount into a horst and graben structure, initiated during descend of the oceanic crust into the subduction zone offshore Kamchatka. This paper offers an alternative interpretation, which connects high heat flow primarily with natural convection of fluids in the fragmented rock mass and, as a potential additional factor, high rates of erosion, for which evidence is available from our collected bathymetric image. Given high erosion rates, warm rock material at depth rises to nearer the sea floor, where it cools and causes temporary elevated heat flow.

Positive geothermal anomalies in oceanic crust of Cretaceous age offshore Kamchatka

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