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Deriving a Sea Surface Climatology of Co2 Fugacity in Support of Air–sea Gas Flux Studies : Volume 11, Issue 4 (28/07/2014)

By Goddijn-murphy, L. M.

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Book Id: WPLBN0004020796
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 54
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Deriving a Sea Surface Climatology of Co2 Fugacity in Support of Air–sea Gas Flux Studies : Volume 11, Issue 4 (28/07/2014)  
Author: Goddijn-murphy, L. M.
Volume: Vol. 11, Issue 4
Language: English
Subject: Science, Ocean, Science
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection, Copernicus GmbH
Publication Date:
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications


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Land, P. E., Shutler, J. D., Woolf, D. K., Goddijn-Murphy, L. M., & Donlon, C. (2014). Deriving a Sea Surface Climatology of Co2 Fugacity in Support of Air–sea Gas Flux Studies : Volume 11, Issue 4 (28/07/2014). Retrieved from

Description: ERI, University of the Highlands and Islands, Ormlie Road, Thurso, UK. Climatologies, or long-term averages, of essential climate variables are useful for evaluating models and providing a baseline for studying anomalies. The Surface Ocean Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Atlas (SOCAT) has made millions of global underway sea surface measurements of CO2 publicly available, all in a uniform format and presented as fugacity, fCO2. fCO2 is highly sensitive to temperature and the measurements are only valid for the instantaneous sea surface temperature (SST) that is measured concurrent with the in-water CO2 measurement. To create a climatology of fCO2 data suitable for calculating air–sea CO2 fluxes it is therefore desirable to calculate fCO2 valid for climate quality SST. This paper presents a method for creating such a climatology. We recomputed SOCAT's fCO2 values for their respective measurement month and year using climate quality SST data from satellite Earth observation and then extrapolated the resulting fCO2 values to reference year 2010. The data were then spatially interpolated onto a 1° × 1° grid of the global oceans to produce 12 monthly fCO2 distributions for 2010. The partial pressure of CO2 (pCO2) is also provided for those who prefer to use pCO2. The CO2 concentration difference between ocean and atmosphere is the thermodynamic driving force of the air–sea CO2 flux, and hence the presented fCO2 distributions can be used in air–sea gas flux calculations together with climatologies of other climate variables.

Deriving a sea surface climatology of CO2 fugacity in support of air–sea gas flux studies

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