World Library  

Add to Book Shelf
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Book

The Effects of Climate Change on Persistent Organic Pollutants (Pops) in the North Sea : Volume 10, Issue 5 (10/09/2013)

By O'Driscoll, K.

Click here to view

Book Id: WPLBN0004020714
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 33
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: The Effects of Climate Change on Persistent Organic Pollutants (Pops) in the North Sea : Volume 10, Issue 5 (10/09/2013)  
Author: O'Driscoll, K.
Volume: Vol. 10, Issue 5
Language: English
Subject: Science, Ocean, Science
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection (Contemporary), Copernicus GmbH
Publication Date:
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications


APA MLA Chicago

Su, J., Mayer, B., Mathis, M., & O'driscoll, K. (2013). The Effects of Climate Change on Persistent Organic Pollutants (Pops) in the North Sea : Volume 10, Issue 5 (10/09/2013). Retrieved from

Description: Marine Research Group, School of Planning, Architecture & Civil Engineering, Queen's University Belfast, UK. The fate and cycling of two selected legacy persistent organic pollutants (POPs), PCB 153 and γ-HCH, in the North Sea in the 21st century have been modelled with combined hydrodynamic and fate and transport ocean models. To investigate the impact of climate variability on POPs in the North Sea in the 21st century, future scenario model runs for three 10 yr periods to the year 2100 using plausible levels of both in situ concentrations and atmospheric, river and open boundary inputs are performed. Since estimates of future concentration levels of POPs in the atmosphere, oceans and rivers are not available, our approach was to reutilise 2005 values in the atmosphere, rivers and at the open ocean boundaries for every year of the simulations. In this way, we attribute differences between the three 10 yr simulations to climate change only. For the HAMSOM and atmospheric forcing, results of the IPCC A1B (SRES) 21st century scenario are utilised, where surface forcing is provided by the REMO downscaling of the ECHAM5 global atmospheric model, and open boundary conditions are provided by the MPIOM global ocean model. Dry gas deposition and volatilisation of γ-HCH increase in the future relative to the present. In the water column, total mass of γ-HCH and PCB 153 remain fairly steady in all three runs. In sediment, γ-HCH increases in the future runs, relative to the present, while PCB 153 in sediment decreases exponentially in all three runs, but even faster in the future, both of which are the result of climate change. Annual net sinks exceed sources at the ends of all periods.

The effects of climate change on persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in the North Sea

AMAP Assessment Report: Arctic Pollution Issues: Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme, Oslo, Norway, 1998.; Backhaus, J. O.: A three-dimensional model for the simulation of shelf sea dynamics, Deutsche Hydrographische Zeitschrift, 38, 165–187, 1985.; Breivik, K. and Wania, F.: Evaluating a Model of the Historical Behavior of Two Hexachlorocyclohexanes in the Baltic Sea Environment, Environ. Sci. Technol., 36, 1014–1023, 2002.; Breivik, K. and Wania, F.: Mass Budgets, Pathways, and Equilibrium States of Two Hexachlorocyclohexanes in the Baltic Sea Environment, Environ. Sci. Technol., 36, 1024–1032, 2002.; Berrojalbiz, N. Dachs, J., DelVento, S., Ojeda, M. J., Valle, M. C., Castro-Jiménez, J, Mariani, G., Wollgast, J., and Hanke, G.: Persistent organic pollutants in Mediterranean seawater and processes affecting their accumulation in plankton, Environ. Sci. Technol., 45, 4315–4322, 2011.; Castro-Jiménez, J., Berrojalbiz, N., Wollgast. J, and Dachs, J.: Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in the Mediterranean Sea: atmospheric occurrence, deposition and decoupling with settling fluxes in the water column, Environ. Pollut., 166, 40–47, 2012.; Ghosh, S., Zang, S., Mitra, P. S., Ghimbovschib, S., Hoffman, E. P., and Dutta, S. K.: Global gene expression and Ingenuity biological functions analysis on PCBs 153 and 138 induced human PBMC in vitro reveals differential mode(s) of action in developing toxicities, Environ. Internatl., 37, 838–857, doi:10.1016/j.envint.2011.02.010, 2011.; Gusev, A., Rozovskaya, O., Shatalov, V., Sokovyh, V., Aas, W., and Breivik, K.: Persistent Organic Pollutants in the Environment, EMEP Meteorological Synthesizing Centre-East, Status Report, 3, 77 pp., 2009.; Hornsby, A. G., Wauchope, R. D., and Herner, A. E.: Pesticide Properties in the Environment, Springer-Verlag, New York, 1996.; Ilyina, T., Pohlmann, T., Lammel, G., and S$\ddotu$ndermann, J.: A fate and transport ocean model for persistent organic pollutants and its application to the North Sea, J. Mar. Syst., 63, 1–19, 2006.; Iwata, H., Tanabe, S., Sakai, N., and Tatsukawa, R.: Distribution of persistent organochlorines in the oceanic air and surface seawater and the role of ocean on their global transport and fate, Environ. Sci. Technol., 27, 1080–1098, 1993.; Jacob, D., Van den Hurk, B. J. J. M., Andrae, U., Elgered, G., Fortelius, C., Graham, L. P., Jackson, S. D., Karstens, U., K$\ddota$opken, C., Lindau, R., Podzun, R., Rockel, B., Rubel, F., Sass, B. H., Smith, R. N. B., and Yang, X.: A comprehensive model inter-comparison study investigating the water budget during the BALTEX-PIDCAP period, Meteorol. Atmos. Phys., 77, 19–43, 2001.; Jonsson, A., Gustafsson, O., Axelman, J., and Sundberg, H.: Global accounting of PCBs in the continental shelf sediments, Environ. Sci. Technol., 37, 245–255, 2003.; Jungclaus, J. H., Botzet, M., Haak, H., Keenlyside, N., Luo, J. J., Latif, M., Marotzke, J., Mikolajewicz, U., and Roeckner, E.: Ocean circulation and tropical variability in the coupled model ECHAM5/MPI-OM, J. Climate, 19, 3952–3972, doi:10.1175/JCLI3827.1, 2006.; Jurado, E., Zaldivar, J. M., Marinov, D., and Dachs, J.: Fate of persistent organic pollutants in the water column: Does turbulent mixing matter? Mar. Pollut. Bull., 54, 441–451, 2007.; Lakaschus, S., Weber, K., Wania, F., Bruhn, R., and Schrems, O.: The air–sea equilibrium and time trend of hexachlorocyclohexanes in the Atlantic ocean between the Arctic and Antarctica, Environ. Sci. Technol., 36, 138–145, 2002.; Lammel, G. and Stemmler, I.: Fractionation and current time trends of PCB congeners: evolvement of distributions 1950–2010 studied using a global atmosphere-ocean general circulation model, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 7199-7213, doi:10.5194/acp-12-7199-2012, 2012.; Larsen, J. and She


Click To View

Additional Books

  • Interactions Between the Somali Current ... (by )
  • The Effects of Biogeochemical Processes ... (by )
  • Anthropogenic Carbon Dynamics in the Cha... (by )
  • Upper Layer Current Variability in the C... (by )
  • Recirculation in the Fram Strait and Tra... (by )
  • Simulated Melt Rates for the Totten and ... (by )
  • Biofouling Protection for Marine Environ... (by )
  • Towards an Integrated Forecasting System... (by )
  • Improving the Parameterisation of Horizo... (by )
  • The Effects of Biogeochemical Processes ... (by )
  • Combining In-situ Measurements and Altim... (by )
  • Monitoring Atlantic Overturning Circulat... (by )
Scroll Left
Scroll Right


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.