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About the Seasonal and Fortnightly Variabilities of the Mediterranean Outflow : Volume 7, Issue 3 (15/06/2011)

By Millot, C.

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Book Id: WPLBN0004020518
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 8
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: About the Seasonal and Fortnightly Variabilities of the Mediterranean Outflow : Volume 7, Issue 3 (15/06/2011)  
Author: Millot, C.
Volume: Vol. 7, Issue 3
Language: English
Subject: Science, Ocean, Science
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection (Contemporary), Copernicus GmbH
Publication Date:
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications


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Garcia-Lafuente, J., & Millot, C. (2011). About the Seasonal and Fortnightly Variabilities of the Mediterranean Outflow : Volume 7, Issue 3 (15/06/2011). Retrieved from

Description: Laboratoire d'Océanographie Physique et Biogéochimique (LOPB/COM), UMR6535, CNRS – Université de la Méditerranée, Antenne de Toulon, La Seyne/mer, France. CTD time series from the HYDRO-CHANGES programme and INGRES projects have been collected simultaneously (2004–2008) on the shelf of Morocco and at the sills of Camarinal and Espartel in the strait of Gibraltar. They provide information that supports results recently obtained from the analysis of the two former time series, as well as from a reanalysis of GIBEX CTD profiles (1985–1986). The outflow of Mediterranean Waters, which does not show a clear seasonal variability before entering the strait, strongly mixes within the strait, due mainly to the internal tide, with the seasonally variable inflow of Atlantic Water. The outflow thus gets marked seasonal and fortnightly variabilities within the strait. Furthermore, since the outflowing waters entering the strait display marked spatial heterogeneity and long-term temporal variabilities, accurately predicting the characteristics of the Mediterranean outflow into the North Atlantic Ocean appears almost impossible.

About the seasonal and fortnightly variabilities of the Mediterranean outflow

Millot, C.: Interannual salinification of the Mediterranean inflow, Geophys. Res. Lett., 34, L21609, doi:10.1029/2007GL031179, 2007.; Millot, C.: Short-term variability of the Mediterranean in- and out-flows, Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L15603, doi:10.1029/2008GL033762, 2008.; Bray, N. A., Ochoa, J., and Kinder, T. H.: The role of the interface in exchange through the Strait of Gibraltar, J. Geophys. Res., 100, C6, 10755–10776, 1995.; Bryden, H. L. and Stommel, H. H.: Origin of the Mediterranean outflow, J. Mar. Res., Suppl. 40, 55–71, 1982.; García-Lafuente, J., Sánchez-Román, A., Díaz del Río, G., Sannino, G., and Sánchez-Garrido, J. C.: Recent observations of seasonal variability of the Mediterranean outflow in the Strait of Gibraltar, J. Geophys. Res., 112, C10005, doi:10.1029/2006JC003992, 2007.; García-Lafuente, J., Delgado, J., Sánchez-Román, A., Soto, J., Carracedo, L., and Díaz del Río, G.: Interanual variability of the Mediterranean outflow observed in Espartel sill, western strait of Gibraltar, J. Geophys. Res., 114, C10018, doi:10.1029/2009JC005496, 2009.; MEDAR Group: MEDATLAS/2002 database. Mediterranean and Black Sea database of temperature salinity and bio-chemical parameters, Climatological Atlas, IFREMER Edition (4 CDroms), 2002.; Millot, C.: Another description of the Mediterranean Sea outflow, Prog. Oceanogr., 82(2), 101–124, doi:10.1016/j.pocean.2009.04.016, 2009.; Millot, C., Candela, J., Fuda, J.-L., and Tber, Y.: Large warming and salinification of the Mediterranean outflow due to changes in its composition, Deep-Sea Res., 53/4, 656–666, doi:10.1016/j.dsr.2005.12.017, 2006.; Vargas, J. M., García-Lafuente, J., Candela, J., and Sánchez Román, A.: Fortnightly and monthly variability of the exchange through the Strait of Gibraltar, Prog. Oceanogr., 70, 466–485, doi:10.1016/j.pocean.2006.07.001, 2006.


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