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Atmospheric Forcing of Salinity in the Overflow of Denmark Strait : Volume 3, Issue 3 (24/09/2007)

By Holfort, J.

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Book Id: WPLBN0004020334
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 6
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Atmospheric Forcing of Salinity in the Overflow of Denmark Strait : Volume 3, Issue 3 (24/09/2007)  
Author: Holfort, J.
Volume: Vol. 3, Issue 3
Language: English
Subject: Science, Ocean, Science
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection, Copernicus GmbH
Historic
Publication Date:
2007
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications

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Albrecht, T., & Holfort, J. (2007). Atmospheric Forcing of Salinity in the Overflow of Denmark Strait : Volume 3, Issue 3 (24/09/2007). Retrieved from http://worldlibrary.net/


Description
Description: Institut für Meereskunde der Universität Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany. The temporal evolution of the characteristics of Denmark Strait Overflow Water (DSOW) is reconstructed using hydrographic data and compared with possible atmospheric forcing mechanisms. It is concluded that the main factor influencing the DSOW characteristics at a time scale of one to several years is the difference in mean sea level pressure across Denmark Strait or, in other words, the wind along Denmark Strait. At these time scales upstream changes in the characteristics of the different water masses involved in the formation of DSOW are only of minor importance. The main process responsible for the observed salinity changes in the DSOW is mixing in Denmark Strait. Triggered by the wind, different water masses contribute with changing amounts to the formation of DSOW, leading to the observed changes in the salinity of DSOW.

Summary
Atmospheric forcing of salinity in the overflow of Denmark Strait

Excerpt
Conkright, M E., Levitus, S., Boyer, T P., O'Brien, T., Stephens, C., Johnson, D., Stathoplos, L., Baranova, O., Antonov, J., Gelfeld, R., Burney, J., Rochester, J., and Forgy, C.: WORLD OCEAN DATABASE 1998, 1998.; Dickson, R R., Lazier, J., Meincke, J., Rhines, P., and Swift, J.: Long-term coordinated changes in the convective activity of the North Atlantic, Prog. Oceanogr., 38, 241–295, 1996.; Dickson, R R., Medler, K., and Read, J.: Current meter data report for Workpackage 1.4 Denmark Strait Overflow., available at www.ices.dk/ocean/project/veins, 1998.; Dickson, R R., Meincke, J., Vassie, I., Jungclaus, J., and \textrmØsterhus, S.: Possible predictability in overflow from the Denmark Strait, Nature, 397, 243–246, 1999.; Dickson, R R., Yashayaev, I., Meincke, J., Turrell, B., Dye, S., and Holfort, J.: Rapid freshening of the deep North Atlantic Ocean over the past four decades, Nature, 416, 832–836, 2002.; Holfort, J.: FS Poseidon cruise 290 from St.Johns, Canada to Reykjavik, Island, June 6 to June 24, 2002, http://www.ifm.uni-hamburg.de/~wwwro/cruises/Pos290/cruisereport.html, 2002.; Hurrel, J W., Kushnir, Y., Ottersen, G., and Visbek, M.: An overview of the North Atlantic Oscillation, in: The North Atlantic Oscillation: climatic significance and environmental impact, edited by: Hurrel, J W., Kushnir, Y., Ottersen, G., and Visbek, M., American Geophysical Union, 1–36, 2003.; Rudels, B., E F., Meincke, J., Budeus, G., and Eriksson, P.: The Eastgreenland current and its contribution to the Denmark Strait Overflow., J. Mar. Sci., 59, 1133–1154, 2002.; Saunders, P.: The dense northern Overflows, in: Ocean circulation and climate, observing and modelling the global ocean., edited by: Siedler, G., Church, J., and Gould, J., Academic Press, p 712, 2001.; Schott, F., Koltermann, K P., Stramma, L., Sy, A., Zahn, R., and Zenk, W.: North Atlantic, cruise No 39, 18 April–14 September 1997, available at www.marum.de/Meteor-Berichte.html, 1998.; Schott, F., Meincke, J., Meinecke, G., Neuer, S., and Zenk, W.: North Atlantic 1999, Cruise No 45, 18 May–4 November 1999, available at www.marum.de/Meteor-Berichte.html, 2000.; Schott, F., Fischer, J., Holfort, J., and Zenk, W.: North Atlantic, Cruise No 50, 7 May–12 August 2001, available at www.marum.de/Meteor-Berichte.html, 2002.; WOCE Data Products Committee: WOCE Global Data, Version 3.0, WOCE Report, 180/02, 2002.

 

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