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Debris Flow Susceptibility Mapping Using a Qualitative Heuristic Method and Flow-r Along the Yukon Alaska Highway Corridor, Canada : Volume 3, Issue 5 (29/05/2015)

By Blais-stevens, A.

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Book Id: WPLBN0004019428
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 33
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Debris Flow Susceptibility Mapping Using a Qualitative Heuristic Method and Flow-r Along the Yukon Alaska Highway Corridor, Canada : Volume 3, Issue 5 (29/05/2015)  
Author: Blais-stevens, A.
Volume: Vol. 3, Issue 5
Language: English
Subject: Science, Natural, Hazards
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection (Contemporary), Copernicus GmbH
Historic
Publication Date:
2015
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications

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Behnia, P., & Blais-Stevens, A. (2015). Debris Flow Susceptibility Mapping Using a Qualitative Heuristic Method and Flow-r Along the Yukon Alaska Highway Corridor, Canada : Volume 3, Issue 5 (29/05/2015). Retrieved from http://worldlibrary.net/


Description
Description: Geological Survey of Canada, 601 Booth Street, Ottawa, Ontario, K1A0E8, Canada. This research activity aimed at reducing risk to infrastructure, such as a proposed pipeline route roughly parallel to the Yukon Alaska Highway Corridor (YAHC) by filling geoscience knowledge gaps in geohazards. Hence, the Geological Survey of Canada compiled an inventory of landslides including debris flow deposits, which were subsequently used to validate two different debris flow susceptibility models. A qualitative heuristic debris flow susceptibility model was produced for the northern region of the YAHC, from Kluane Lake to the Alaska border, by integrating data layers with assigned weights and class ratings. These were slope angle, slope aspect (derived from a 5 m × 5 m DEM), surficial geology, permafrost distribution, and proximity to drainage system. Validation of the model was carried out by calculating a success rate curve which revealed a good correlation with the susceptibility model and the debris flow deposit inventory compiled from air photos, high resolution satellite imagery, and field verification. In addition, the quantitative Flow-R method was tested in order to define the potential source and debris flow susceptibility for the southern region of Kluane Lake, an area where documented debris flow events have blocked the highway in the past (e.g., 1988). Trial and error calculations were required for this method because there was not detailed information on the debris flows for the YAHC to allow us to define threshold values for some parameters when calculating source areas, spreading, and runout distance. Nevertheless, correlation with known documented events helped define these parameters and produce a map that captures most of the known events and displays debris flow susceptibility in other, usually smaller, steep channels that had not been previously documented.

Summary
Debris flow susceptibility mapping using a qualitative heuristic method and Flow-R along the Yukon Alaska Highway Corridor, Canada

Excerpt
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