World Library  

Add to Book Shelf
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Book

Monitoring and Forecasting Etna Volcanic Plumes : Volume 9, Issue 5 (23/09/2009)

By Scollo, S.

Click here to view

Book Id: WPLBN0004018744
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 13
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Monitoring and Forecasting Etna Volcanic Plumes : Volume 9, Issue 5 (23/09/2009)  
Author: Scollo, S.
Volume: Vol. 9, Issue 5
Language: English
Subject: Science, Natural, Hazards
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection (Contemporary), Copernicus GmbH
Publication Date:
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications


APA MLA Chicago

Spata, G., D'agostino, M., Coltelli, M., Scollo, S., & Prestifilippo, M. (2009). Monitoring and Forecasting Etna Volcanic Plumes : Volume 9, Issue 5 (23/09/2009). Retrieved from

Description: Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, sezione di Catania, Catania, Italy. In this paper we describe the results of a project ongoing at the Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia (INGV). The objective is to develop and implement a system for monitoring and forecasting volcanic plumes of Etna. Monitoring is based at present by multispectral infrared measurements from the Spin Enhanced Visible and Infrared Imager on board the Meteosat Second Generation geosynchronous satellite, visual and thermal cameras, and three radar disdrometers able to detect ash dispersal and fallout. Forecasting is performed by using automatic procedures for: i) downloading weather forecast data from meteorological mesoscale models; ii) running models of tephra dispersal, iii) plotting hazard maps of volcanic ash dispersal and deposition for certain scenarios and, iv) publishing the results on a web-site dedicated to the Italian Civil Protection. Simulations are based on eruptive scenarios obtained by analysing field data collected after the end of recent Etna eruptions. Forecasting is, hence, supported by plume observations carried out by the monitoring system. The system was tested on some explosive events occurred during 2006 and 2007 successfully. The potentiality use of monitoring and forecasting Etna volcanic plumes, in a way to prevent threats to aviation from volcanic ash, is finally discussed.

Monitoring and forecasting Etna volcanic plumes

Aloisi, M., D'Agostino, M., Dean, K. G., Mostaccio, A., and Neri, G.: Satellite analysis and PUFF simulation of the eruptive cloud generated by the Mount Etna paroxysm of 22 July 1998, J. Geophys. Res., 107(B12), 2373, doi:10.1029/2001JB000630, 2002.; Alparone, S., Andronico, D., Lodato, L., and Sgroi, T.: Relationship between tremor and volcanic activity during the Southeast Crater eruption on Mount Etna in early 2000, J. Geophys. Res., 115(B4), 2241, doi:10.1029/2002JB001866, 2003.; Andò, B. and Pecora, E.: An advanced video-based system for monitoring active volcanoes, Comput. Geosci., 32, 85–91, 2006.; Alparone, S., Andronico, D., Sgroi, T., Ferrari, F., Lodato, L., and Reitano, D.: Alert system to mitigate tephra fallout hazards at Mt. Etna Volcano, Italy, Nat. Hazards, 43, 333–350, 2007.; Andronico, D., Del Carlo, P., and Coltelli, M.: The 22 July 1998 fire fountain episode at Voragine Crater (Mt Etna, Italy), Volcanic and Magmatic Studies Group, Annual Meeting, 1999.; Andronico, D., Cristaldi, A., Lo Castro, D., Scollo, S., and Taddeucci, J.: The 24 November 2006 paroxysm at south-east crater, Mt. Etna, IUGG, 2–13 July, Perugia, Italy 2007.; Andronico, D., Branca, S., Calvari, S., et al: A multi-disciplinary study of the 2002–03 Etna eruption: insights for a complex plumbing system, B. Volcanol., 67(4), 314–330, 2005.; Andronico, D., Scollo, S., Caruso, S., and Cristaldi, A.: The 2002–03 Etna explosive activity: Tephra dispersal and features of the deposits, J. Geophys. Res., 113, B04209, doi:10.1029/2007JB005126, 2008a.; Andronico, D., Cristaldi, A., and Scollo, S.: The 4–5 September 2007 lava fountain at South-East Crater of Mt Etna, Italy, B. Volcanol., 70, 1103–1112, 2008b.; Andronico, D. and Scollo, S. 1998–2007: Ten years of explosive activity at Mt. Etna volcano, IAVCEI 2008 General Assembly, Reykjavík, Island, 18–24 August 2008.; Andronico, D., Scollo, S., Cristaldi, A., and Ferruccio, F.: Monitoring ash emission episodes at Mt. Etna: The 16 November 2006 case study, J. Volcanol. Geoth. Res., 180, 123–134, 2009.; Armienti, P., Macedonio, G., and Pareschi, M. T.: A numerical-model for simulation of tephra transport and deposition – applications to May 18, 1980, Mount-St-Helens eruption, J. Geophys. Res., 93, 6463–6476, 1988.; Barberi, F., Macedonio, G., Pareschi, M., and Santacroce, R.: Mapping the tephra fallout risk: an example from Vesuvius(Italy), Nature, 344, 142–144, 1990.; De Beni, E., Norini, G., and Polacci, M: Aggiornamento dell'attività eruttiva, technical report, available at:, 2006.; Barsotti, S. and Neri, A.: The VOL-CALPUFF model for atmospheric ash dispersal: 2. Application to the weak Mount Etna plume of July 2001, J. Geophys. Res., 113, B03209, doi:10.1029/2006JB004624, 2008.; Blong, R. J.: Volcanic Hazard, a Sourcebook on the Effects of Eruptions, Academic Press, Sidney, 1984.; BGVN, Additional descriptions of April–May eruptions and aircraft damaged by tephra-fall (2000) Report n. 09/2000, available at:, 2000.; Bonadonna, C., Ernst, G. G. J., and Sparks, R. S. J.: Thickness variations and volume estimates of tephra fall deposits: the importance of particle Reynolds number, J. Volcanol. Geoth. Res., 81, 173–187, 1998.; Bonadonna, C., Macedonio, G., and Sparks, R. S. J.: Numerical modelling of tephra fallout associated with dome collapses and Vulcanian explosions: application to hazard assessment on Montserrat, in: The eruption of Soufrière Hills Volcano, Montserrat, from 1995 to 1999, edited by: Druitt, T. H., Kokelaar, B. P., Geological Society, London, Memoir, 2002.; Bonadonna, C. and Phillips, J. C.: Sedimentation from strong volcanic plumes, J. Geophys. Res., 108(B7), 2340, doi:10.1029/2002JB002034, 2003.; Bonadonn


Click To View

Additional Books

  • Physical and Numerical Modelling of a Be... (by )
  • Measurements of Debris Flow Velocity Thr... (by )
  • Numerical Simulation of the Impact of An... (by )
  • Microzonation of Seismic Risk in a Low-r... (by )
  • Model-based Tsunami Warnings Derived fro... (by )
  • Flicker-noise Spectroscopy in Earthquake... (by )
  • Spatially Limited Mud Turbidites on the ... (by )
  • Modelling Extreme Flood Hazard Events on... (by )
  • Progress Toward Developing a Practical S... (by )
  • Analysis of Intense Rainfall Events on M... (by )
  • Sample Size Matters: Investigating the E... (by )
  • Evaluating the Extreme Precipitation Eve... (by )
Scroll Left
Scroll Right


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.