World Library  


Add to Book Shelf
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Book

A Conceptual Vulnerability and Risk Framework as Outline to Identify Capabilities of Remote Sensing : Volume 8, Issue 3 (06/05/2008)

By Taubenböck, H.

Click here to view

Book Id: WPLBN0004017371
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 12
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: A Conceptual Vulnerability and Risk Framework as Outline to Identify Capabilities of Remote Sensing : Volume 8, Issue 3 (06/05/2008)  
Author: Taubenböck, H.
Volume: Vol. 8, Issue 3
Language: English
Subject: Science, Natural, Hazards
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection, Copernicus GmbH
Historic
Publication Date:
2008
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications

Citation

APA MLA Chicago

Zosseder, K., Dech, S., Roth, A., Post, J., Taubenböck, H., & Strunz, G. (2008). A Conceptual Vulnerability and Risk Framework as Outline to Identify Capabilities of Remote Sensing : Volume 8, Issue 3 (06/05/2008). Retrieved from http://worldlibrary.net/


Description
Description: German Remote Sensing Data Center (DFD), German Aerospace Center (DLR), 82234 Wessling, Germany. This study aims at creating a holistic conceptual approach systematizing the interrelation of (natural) hazards, vulnerability and risk. A general hierarchical risk meta-framework presents potentially affected components of a given system, such as its physical, demographic, social, economic, political or ecological spheres, depending on the particular hazard. Based on this general meta-framework, measurable indicators are specified for the system urban area as an example. This framework is used as an outline to identify the capabilities of remote sensing to contribute to the assessment of risk. Various indicators contributing to the outline utilizing diverse remote sensing data and methods are presented. Examples such as built-up density, main infrastructure or population distribution identify the capabilities of remote sensing within the holistic perspective of the framework. It is shown how indexing enables a multilayer analysis of the complex and small-scale urban landscape to take different types of spatial indicators into account to simulate concurrence. The result is an assessment of the spatial distribution of risks within an urban area in the case of an earthquake and its secondary threats, using an inductive method. The results show the principal capabilities of remote sensing to contribute to the identification of physical and demographic aspects of vulnerability, as well as provide indicators for the spatial distribution of natural hazards. Aspects of social, economic or political indicators represent limitations of remote sensing for an assessment complying with the holistic risk framework.

Summary
A conceptual vulnerability and risk framework as outline to identify capabilities of remote sensing

Excerpt
ADPC (ASIAN DISASTER PREPAREDNESS CENTRE): The Role of Local Institutions in Reducing Vulnerability to Recurrent Natural Disasters and in Sustainable Livelihoods Development in High Risk Areas, Report submitted to FAO, source, ftp://ftp.fao.org/docrep/nonfao/ad695e/ad695e00.pdf, 2003.; Adger, W. N.: Vulnerability, Glob. Environ. Change, 16, 268–281, 2006.; Bakir, P. and Boduroglu, H.: Earthquake Risk and Hazard Mitigation in Turkey, Earthquake Spectra, 18(3), 427–447, 2002.; Alwang, J., Siegel, P. B., and Jorgensen, S. L.: Vulnerability: A view from different disciplines, Discussion Paper Series No. 0115. Social Protection Unit, World Bank, Washington D.C., 2001.; Birkmann, J.: Measuring vulnerability to promote disaster-resilient societies: Conceptual frameworks and definitions, in: Measuring Vulnerability to Natural hazards – Towards Disaster Resilient Societies, edited by: Birkmann, J., New York, United Nations University, 9–54, 2006a.; Birkmann, J.: Indicators and criteria for measuring vulnerability: Theoretical bases and requirements, in: Measuring Vulnerability to Natural hazards – Towards Disaster Resilient Societies, edited by: Birkmann, J., New York, United Nations University, 55–77, 2006b.; Blaikie, P., Cannon, T., Davis, I., and Wisner, B.: At Risk: Natural Hazards, People's Vulnerability and Disasters, London: Routledge, 1994.; Bollin, C. and Hidajat, R.: Community-based risk index: Pilot implementation in Indonesia, in: Measuring Vulnerability to Natural hazards – Towards Disaster Resilient Societies, New York, United Nations University, edited by: Birkmann, J., 524, 2006.; Bohle H.-G.: Vulnerability and Criticality: Perspectves from Social Geography, IHDP Update 2/2001, Newsletter of the International Human Dimensions Programme on Global Environmental Change, 1–7, 2001.; Briuglio, L.: Methodological and Practical Considerations for Constructing Socio-Economic Indicators to Evaluate Disaster Risk, Institute of Environmental Studies, University of Columbia, Manizalez, Colombia, Programme on Information and Indicators for Risk Management, IADB-ECLAC-IDEA, 2003.; Brooks, N.: Vulnerability, Risk and Adaption: A conceptual framework, Working Paper 38, Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research, Norwhich, UK, 1–20, 2003.; Cardona, O. D.: The need of rethinking the concepts of vulnerability and risk from a holistic perspective: A necessary review and criticism for effective risk management, in: Bankoff, G., Frerks, G., Hilhorst, D., Mapping Vulnerability: Disasters, Development and People, Earthscan, London (Chapter 3), 2003.; Chapmann, D.: Natural Hazards, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994.; Cutter, S. L.: Vulnerability to environmental hazards, Progress in Human Geography 20 (1996), 529–539, 1996.; Downing, T.: What have we learned regarding a vulnerability science?, in: Science in Support of Adapation to Climate Change, Recommondations for an Adaptation Science Agenda and a Collection of Papers Presented at a Side Event of the 10th session of the Conference of the Parties to the United States Framework Convention on Climate Change, Buenos Aires, 7~December~2004, 18–21, 2004.; Dkkv – Deutsches Komitee Katastrophenvorsorge e. V.: Lessons learned – Hochwasservorsorge in Deutschland: Kurzfassung für die Versicherungswirtschaft, http://www.dkkv.org/DE/publications/schriftenreihe.asp?h=5, 2002.; Erdik, M.: Report on 1999 Kocaeli and Düzce (Turkey) earthquakes, in: Structural control for civil and infrastructure engineering, edited by: Casciati, F. and Magonette, G., World Scientific, 2001.; Füssel, H. M.: Vulnerability: A generally applicable conceptual framework for climate change research, Glob. Environ. Change, 17(2), 155–167, 2007.; Füssel, H. M.: Vulnerability in climate change research: A comprehensive conceptual framework, University of California, International and Area St

 

Click To View

Additional Books


  • Soil Liquefaction Potential in Eskişehir... (by )
  • A Stochastic Marked Point Process Model ... (by )
  • Shear Wave Velocity by Support Vector Ma... (by )
  • On the Use of the Calibration-based Appr... (by )
  • Dynamical and Statistical Explanations o... (by )
  • Relation Between the Celestial Tide-gene... (by )
  • Impact of the Use of a Co2 Responsive La... (by )
  • Fisher Information Analysis of Earthquak... (by )
  • Methodology for Flood Frequency Estimati... (by )
  • The History and Characteristics of the 1... (by )
  • Use of Terrestrial Laser Scanning for En... (by )
  • How Historical Information Can Improve E... (by )
Scroll Left
Scroll Right

 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.