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From San Francisco to Tōhoku – 111 Yr of Continuous Earthquake Recording in Göttingen : Volume 5, Issue 1 (07/01/2014)

By Steffen, H.

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Book Id: WPLBN0004013517
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 10
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: From San Francisco to Tōhoku – 111 Yr of Continuous Earthquake Recording in Göttingen : Volume 5, Issue 1 (07/01/2014)  
Author: Steffen, H.
Volume: Vol. 5, Issue 1
Language: English
Subject: Science, History, Geo-
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection, Copernicus GmbH
Historic
Publication Date:
2014
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications

Description
Description: Lantmäteriet, Lantmäterigatan 2c, 80182 Gävle, Sweden. In 1902, the so-called Erdbebenhaus (earthquake house) was built in the garden of the Institute of Geophysics of the University of Göttingen to host and protect the very sensitive and fragile seismographs designed by Emil Wiechert. These instruments were the standard at their time, and they are still in operation today, documenting 111 yr of almost continuous seismological observations. Since 2005, the observatory is owned by the Wiechert'sche Erdbebenwarte Göttingen e.V. (Wiechert's earthquake observatory in Göttingen, registered society). This society aims at extending the observational record and protecting the observatory as a cultural heritage.

In this paper we review the history of the observatory in the last 111 yr. Special attention is given to the developments in the last decade, when the observatory and further historic buildings and instruments changed ownership. Due to the efforts by the society, the observatory is still running now and open to the public. In addition, it is a part of the German Regional Seismic Network and, thus, observations can be used for scientific investigations.


Summary
From San Francisco to Tōhoku – 111 yr of continuous earthquake recording in Göttingen

Excerpt
Börngen, M., Homilius, J., and Jacobs, F.: Die Deutsche Geophysikalische Gesellschaft, 1922–1997, in: Zur Geschichte der Geophysik in Deutschland (Jubiläumsschrift der DGG), edited by: Neunhöfer, H., Börngen, M., Junge, A., and Schweitzer, J., 7–26, Deut. Geophys. Ges., Hamburg, 1997 (in German).; Brunk, W.: Mintrop-Kugel fällt wieder an der Wiechert'schen Erdbebenwarte, Mitt. Deut. Geophys. Ges., 3/2008, 19–20, 2008 (in German).; Brunk, W. and Steffen, H.: Nachlass von Ludger Mintrop aufgetaucht – eine unglaubliche Fundgrube nun im Besitz des Vereins Wiechert'sche Erdbebenwarte Göttingen e.V., Mitt. Deut. Geophys. Ges., 2/2008, p. 37, 2008 (in German).; Brunk, W., Leven, M., and Steffen, H.: Über Stock und Stein – die Rettung der Göttinger Erdbebenwarte durch den Verein Wiechert'sche Erdbebenwarte e.V., Mitt. Deut. Geophys. Ges. 4/2005, 17–30, 2005 (in German).; Duda, S. J., Khattri, K. N., Purcaru, G., and Schick, R.: Wiechert-Seismograms of the Göttingen Observatory Microfilming and Reinterpretation, Gerl. Beitr. Geophys., 99, 313–336, 1990.; Giardini, D.: The global seismic hazard assessment program (GSHAP) 1992/1999, Ann. Geofis., 42, 957–974, 1999.; Grevemeyer, I., Herber, R., and Essen, H.-H.: Microseismological evidence for a changing wave climate in the northeast Atlantic Ocean, Nature, 408, 349–352, doi:10.1038/35042558, 2000.; Gutenberg, B.: Geh. Reg.-Rat Prof. Dr. E. Wiechert \dag. Meteorologische Zeitschrift 45, Kleine Mitt., 183–185, 1928 (in German).; Hennings, R. and Ritter, J. R. R.: Bibliography of Emil Wiechert, in: IASPEI International Handbook of Earthquake and Engineering Seismology, Part B, Chapter 79.24, edited by: Lee, W. H. K., Kanamori, H., Jennings, P. C., and Kisslinger, C., 30–33, Academic Press, 2003.; Keyser, M., Ritter, J. R. R., and Jordan, M.: 3D shear-wave velocity structure of the Eifel plume, Germany, Earth Planet. Sc. Lett., 203, 59–82, doi:10.1016/S0012-821X(02)00861-0, 2002.; Meyer, J.: Künstliche Bodenerschütterungen mit der Mintrop Kugel, in: Zur Geschichte der Geophysik, edited by: Birett, H., Helbig, K., Kertz, W., and Schmucker, U., 67–71, Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York, 1974 (in German).; Mulligan, J. F.: Emil Wiechert (1861–1928): Esteemed seismologist, forgotten physicist, Am. J. Phys., 69, 277–287, doi:10.1119/1.1323962, 2001.; Wald, D. J., Kanamori, H., Helmberger, D. V., and Heaton, T. H.: Source Study of the 1906 San Francisco Earthquake, B. Seismol. Soc. Am., 83, 981–1019, 1993.; Oberdiek, A.: Göttinger Universitätsbauten – Die Baugeschichte der Georg-August-Universität. 2. Auflage, Göttinger Tageblatt GmbH & Co KG, Göttingen, 228 pp., 2002 (in German).; Ritter, J. R. R.: Students explore history of the Göttingen Institute for Geophysics, Eos Trans. AGU, 82, 224–224, doi:10.1029/01EO00123, 2001.; Ritter, J. R. R.: On the recording characteristics of the original Wiechert seismographs at Göttingen (Germany), J. Seismol., 6, 477–486, doi:10.1023/A:1021101116511, 2002.; Rudloff, A., Steffen, H., and Wedeken, U.: Wiechert'sche Erdbebenwarte als Ort im Land der Ideen ausgezeichnet, Mitt. Deut. Geophys. Ges., 3/2006, 24–25, 2006 (in German).; Schreiber, H.: Historische Gegenstände und Instrumente im Institut für Geophysik der Universität Göttingen, Ein Katalog, Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Göttingen, Kommission für historische Apparate, Göttingen, 48 pp., 2000 (in German).; Schröder, W.: Emil Wiechert und seine Bedeutung für die Entwicklung der Geophysik zur exakten Wissenschaft, Archive for History of Exact Sciences, 27, 369–389, 1982 (in German).; Schweitzer, J.: Chapter 79.24, Part A: Early German contributions to modern seismology, in: IASPEI Internati

 

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