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Investigation of the Effective Peak Supersaturation for Liquid-phase Clouds at the High-alpine Site Jungfraujoch, Switzerland (3580 M A.S.L.) : Volume 14, Issue 2 (29/01/2014)

By Hammer, E.

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Book Id: WPLBN0003993455
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 17
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Investigation of the Effective Peak Supersaturation for Liquid-phase Clouds at the High-alpine Site Jungfraujoch, Switzerland (3580 M A.S.L.) : Volume 14, Issue 2 (29/01/2014)  
Author: Hammer, E.
Volume: Vol. 14, Issue 2
Language: English
Subject: Science, Atmospheric, Chemistry
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection, Copernicus GmbH
Historic
Publication Date:
2014
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications

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Bukowiecki, N., Jurányi, Z., Gysel, M., Baltensperger, U., Hoyle, C. R., Hammer, E.,...Vogt, R. (2014). Investigation of the Effective Peak Supersaturation for Liquid-phase Clouds at the High-alpine Site Jungfraujoch, Switzerland (3580 M A.S.L.) : Volume 14, Issue 2 (29/01/2014). Retrieved from http://worldlibrary.net/


Description
Description: Laboratory of Atmospheric Chemistry, Paul Scherrer Institute, Switzerland. Aerosols influence the Earth's radiation budget directly through absorption and scattering of solar radiation in the atmosphere but also indirectly by modifying the properties of clouds. However, climate models still suffer from large uncertainties as a result of insufficient understanding of aerosol-cloud interactions. At the high altitude research station Jungfraujoch (JFJ; 3580 m a.s.l., Switzerland) cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) number concentrations at eight different supersaturations (SS) from 0.24% to 1.18% were measured using a CCN counter during Summer 2011. Simultaneously, in-situ aerosol activation properties of the prevailing ambient clouds were investigated by measuring the total and interstitial (non-activated) dry particle number size distributions behind two different inlet systems. Combining all experimental data, a new method was developed to retrieve the so-called effective peak supersaturation SSpeak, as a measure of the SS at which ambient clouds are formed. A 17-month CCN climatology was then used to retrieve the SSpeak values also for four earlier summer campaigns (2000, 2002, 2004 and 2010) where no direct CCN data were available. The SSpeak values varied between 0.01% and 2.0% during all campaigns. An overall median SSpeak of 0.35% and dry activation diameter of 87 nm was observed. It was found that the difference in topography between northwest and southeast plays an important role for the effective peak supersaturation in clouds formed in the vicinity of the JFJ, while differences in the number concentration of potential CCN only play a minor role. Results show that air masses coming from the southeast (with the slowly rising terrain of the Aletsch Glacier) generally experience lower SSpeak values than air masses coming from the northwest (steep slope). The observed overall median values were 0.41% and 0.22% for northwest and southeast wind conditions, respectively, corresponding to literature values for cumulus clouds and shallow-layer clouds. These cloud types are consistent with weather observations routinely performed at the JFJ.

Summary
Investigation of the effective peak supersaturation for liquid-phase clouds at the high-alpine site Jungfraujoch, Switzerland (3580 m a.s.l.)

Excerpt
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