World Library  

Add to Book Shelf
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Book

Numerical Study of Surface Energy Partitioning on the Tibetan Plateau: Comparative Analysis of Two Biosphere Models : Volume 6, Issue 6 (19/11/2009)

By Hong, J.

Click here to view

Book Id: WPLBN0003992974
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 33
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Numerical Study of Surface Energy Partitioning on the Tibetan Plateau: Comparative Analysis of Two Biosphere Models : Volume 6, Issue 6 (19/11/2009)  
Author: Hong, J.
Volume: Vol. 6, Issue 6
Language: English
Subject: Science, Biogeosciences, Discussions
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection (Contemporary), Copernicus GmbH
Publication Date:
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications


APA MLA Chicago

Hong, J., & Kim, J. (2009). Numerical Study of Surface Energy Partitioning on the Tibetan Plateau: Comparative Analysis of Two Biosphere Models : Volume 6, Issue 6 (19/11/2009). Retrieved from

Description: Global Environment Laboratory, Department of Atmospheric Sciences, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea. The Tibetan Plateau is a critical region in the research of biosphere-atmosphere interactions on both regional and global scales due to its relation to Asian summer monsoon and El Niño. The unique environment on the Plateau provides valuable information for the evaluation of the models' surface energy partitioning associated with the summer monsoon. In this study, we investigated the surface energy partitioning on this important area through comparative analysis of two biosphere models constrained by the in-situ observation data. Indeed, the characteristics of the Plateau provide a unique opportunity to clarify the structural deficiencies of biosphere models as well as new insight into the surface energy partitioning on the Plateau. Our analysis showed that the observed inconsistency between the two biosphere models was mainly related to: 1) the parameterization for soil evaporation; 2) the way to deal with roughness lengths of momentum and scalars; and 3) the parameterization of subgrid velocity scale for aerodynamic conductance. Our study demonstrates that one should carefully interpret the modeling results on the Plateau especially during the pre-monsoon period.

Numerical study of surface energy partitioning on the Tibetan Plateau: comparative analysis of two biosphere models

Arya, S. P.: Introduction to Micrometeorology, Academic Press, San Diego, California, 2001.; Beljaars, A. C.: The parameterization of surface fluxes in large-scale models under free convection, Q. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 121, 255–270, 1995.; Beljaars, A. C. and Viterbo, P.: The sensitivity of winter evaporation to the formulation of aerodynamic resistance in the ECMWF model, Bound.-Lay. Meteorol., 71, 135–149, 1994.; Brutsaert, W. and Mawdsley, J. A.: Sensible heat transfer parameterization for surfaces with anisothermal dense vegetation, J. Atmos. Sci., 53, 209–216, 1996.; Businger, J. A.: A note on free convection, Bound.-Lay. Meteorol., 4, 323–326, 1973.; Camilo, P. and Schmugge, T. J.: A computer program for the simulation of heat and moisture flow in soils, in: NASA Tech. Memo. 82121, Maryland, USA, 1981.; Chen, F., Janjic, Z., and Mitchell, K.: Impact of atmospheric surface-layer parameterizations in the new land-surface scheme of the NCEP mesoscale ETA model, Bound.-Lay. Meteorol., 85, 391–421, 1997.; Chen, L., Reiter, E. R., and Feng, Z.: The atmosphere heat source over the Tibetan Plateau: May–August 1979, Mon. Weather Rev., 113, 1771–1790, 1985.; Choi, T., Hong, J., Kim, J., Lee, H. C., Asanuma, J., Ishikawa, H., Tsukamoto, O., Zhiqiu, G., Ma, Y., Ueno, K., Wang, J., Koike, T., and Yasunari, T.: Turbulent exchange of heat, water vapor and momentum over a {Tibetan} Prairie by Eddy covariance and flux-variance measurements, J. Geophys. Res., 109, D21106, doi:10.1029/2004JD004767, 2004.; Cosby, B. J., Hornberger, G. M., Clapp, R. B., and Ginn, T. R.: A statistical exploration of the relationships of soil moisture characteristics to the physical properties of soils, Water Resour. Res., 20, 682–690, 1984.; Denman, K. L., Brasseur, G., Chidthaisong, A., Ciais, P., Cox, P., Dickinson, R., Hauglustaine, D., Heinze, C., Holland, E., Jacob, D., Lohmann, U., Ramachandran, S., da Silva Dias, P., Wofsy, S., and Zhang, X.: Couplings between changes in the climate system and biogeochemistry, in: Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, edited by: Solomon, S., Qin, D., Manning, M., Chen, Z., Marquis, M., Averyt, K., Tignor, M., and Miller, H., Cambridge University Press, 499–587, 2007.; Gao, Z.: Determination of soil heat flux in a {Tibetan} short-grass prairie, Bound.-Lay. Meteorol., 114, 165–178, 2005.; Gao, Z., Chae, N., Kim, J., Hong, J., Choi, T., and Lee, H.: Modeling of surface energy partitioning, surface temperature and soil wetness in the Tibetan prairie using the Simple Biosphere Model 2 (SiB2), J. Geophys. Res., 109, D06102, doi:10.1029/2003JD004089, 2004.; Garratt, J. R.: The Atmospheric Boundary Layer, Cambridge University Press, 1992.; Högstrom, U.: Review of some basic characteristics of the atmospheric surface layer, Bound.-Lay. Meteorol., 78, 215–246, 1996.; Hong, J. and Kim, J.: Simulation of surface radiation balance on the Tibetan Plateau, Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L08814,


Click To View

Additional Books

  • The African Contribution to the Global C... (by )
  • Advances in Understanding, Models and Pa... (by )
  • Environmental Controls on Carbon Fluxes ... (by )
  • Nitrate and Dissolved Nitrous Oxide in G... (by )
  • Impacts of Hypoxia on the Structure and ... (by )
  • Diel Variations in the Carbon Isotope Co... (by )
  • Technical Note: a Generic Law-of-the-min... (by )
  • Organohalogen Emission from Saline Envir... (by )
  • Selective Preservation of Organic Matter... (by )
  • Simulating the Effects of Phosphorus Lim... (by )
  • Trends and Regional Distributions of Lan... (by )
  • Halogens in Porewater of Peat Bogs – the... (by )
Scroll Left
Scroll Right


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.