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Anthropogenic Co2 Emissions in Africa : Volume 5, Issue 6 (19/11/2008)

By Canadell, J. G.

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Book Id: WPLBN0003991198
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 17
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Anthropogenic Co2 Emissions in Africa : Volume 5, Issue 6 (19/11/2008)  
Author: Canadell, J. G.
Volume: Vol. 5, Issue 6
Language: English
Subject: Science, Biogeosciences, Discussions
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection (Contemporary), Copernicus GmbH
Historic
Publication Date:
2008
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications

Citation

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Raupach, M. R., Houghton, R. A., & Canadell, J. G. (2008). Anthropogenic Co2 Emissions in Africa : Volume 5, Issue 6 (19/11/2008). Retrieved from http://worldlibrary.net/


Description
Description: Global Carbon Project, CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research, Canberra, ACT 2601, Australia. An understanding of the regional contributions and trends of anthropogenic carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions is critical to design mitigation strategies aimed at stabilizing atmospheric greenhouse gases. Here we report CO2 emissions from the combustion of fossil fuels and land use change in Africa for various time periods. Africa was responsible for an average of 500 TgC y−1 for the period 2000–2005. These emissions resulted from the combustion of fossil fuels (260 TgC y−1) and land use change (240 TgC y−1). Over this period, the African share of global emissions from land use change was 17%. For 2005, the last year reported in this study, African fossil fuel emissions were 285 TgC accounting for 3.7% of the global emissions. The 2000–2005 growth rate in African fossil fuel emissions was 3.2% y−1, very close to the global average. Fossil fuel emissions per capita in Africa are among the lowest in the world, at 0.32 tC y−1 compared to the global average of 1.2 tC y−1. The average amount of carbon (C) emitted as CO2 to produce 1 US $ of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in Africa in 2005 was 187 gC/$, close to the world average of 199 gC/$. With the fastest population growth in the world and rising per capita GDP, Africa is likely to increase its share of global emissions over the coming decades although emissions from Africa will remain low compared to other continents.

Summary
Anthropogenic CO2 emissions in Africa

Excerpt
FAO: FAOSTAT DATA, Food and Agriculture Organization, http://faostat.fao.org, 2001a.; FAO: Global Forest Resources Assessment 2000, Main report, Food and Agriculture Organization, Forestry Paper 140, Rome, 2001b.; Canadell, J. G. and Raupach, M. R.: Managing Forests for Climate Change Mitigation, Science 320, 1456–1457, doi:10.1126/science.1155458, 2008.; Canadell, J. G., Le Quéré, C., Raupach, M. R., Field, C. B., Buitenhuis, E. T., Ciais, P., Conway, T. J., Gillett, N. P., Houghton, R. A., and Marland, G.: Contributions to accelerating atmospheric CO2 growth from economic activity, carbon intensity, and efficiency of natural sinks, P. Natl. A. Sci., 104, 18 866–18 870, doi:10.1073pnas.0702737104, 2007.; EIA: Energy Information Administration, http://www.eia.doe.gov/environment.html, 2008.; FAO: Forest Resources Assessment 1990, Global Synthesis, FAO Forestry Paper 124, FAO, Rome, 2005.; FAO: Global Forest Resources Assessment 2005, FAO~Forestry Paper 147, Rome, 2006.; Gullison, R. E., Frumhoff, P. C., Canadell, J. G., Field, C. B., Nepstad, D. C., Hayhoe, K., Avissar, R., Curran, L. M., Friedlingstein, P., Jones, C. D., and Nobre, C.: Tropical forests and climate change, Science, 316, 985–986, 2007.; IMF: World Economic Outlook Database. International Monetary Fund http://www.imf.org/external/data.htm, 2008.; IPCC: Climate Change 2007: Mitigation of Climate Change, in: Contribution of Working Group III to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, edited by: Metz, B., Davidson, O. R., Bosch, P. R., Dave, R., and Meyer, L. A., Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK and New York, NY, USA, 851 pp., 2007.; Hansen, M. C., Stehman, S. V., Potapov, P. V., Loveland, T. R., Townshend, J. R. G., DeFries, R. S., Pittman, K. W., Arunarwati, B., Stolle, F., Steininger, M. K., Carroll, M., and DiMiceli, C.: Humid tropical forest clearing from 2000 to 2005 quantified by using multitemporal and multiresolution remotely sensed data, P. Natl. A. Sci., 105, 9439–9444, 2008.; Houghton, R. A.: Balancing the global carbon budget, Annu. Rev. Earth Pl. Sci., 35, 313–347, 2007.; Houghton, R. A. and Hackler, J. L.: Emissions of carbon from land use change in sub-Saharan Africa, J. Geophys. Res., 111, G02003, doi:10.1029/2005JG000076, 2006.; Kimble, G. H. T.: Tropical Africa: Land and Livelihood, vol. 1, Doubleday, New York., 1962.; UNSD: Demographic Year Book 2006, United Nationals Statistics Division, http://unstats.un.org/unsd/demographic/products/dyb/dyb2.htm, 2008.; Yamaji, K., Matsuhashi, R., Nagata, Y., and Kaya, Y.: An Integrated System for CO2/Energy/GNP Analysis: Case Studies on Economic Measures for CO2 Reduction in Japan. Workshop on CO2 Reduction and Removal: Measures for the Next Century, 19 March , International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Laxenburg, Austria, 1991.

 

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