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Thermophysical Property Anomalies of Baltic Seawater : Volume 7, Issue 3 (30/06/2010)

By Feistel, R.

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Book Id: WPLBN0003988583
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 106
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Thermophysical Property Anomalies of Baltic Seawater : Volume 7, Issue 3 (30/06/2010)  
Author: Feistel, R.
Volume: Vol. 7, Issue 3
Language: English
Subject: Science, Ocean, Science
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection (Contemporary), Copernicus GmbH
Historic
Publication Date:
2010
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications

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Pawlowicz, R., Wright, D. G., Marion, G. M., & Feistel, R. (2010). Thermophysical Property Anomalies of Baltic Seawater : Volume 7, Issue 3 (30/06/2010). Retrieved from http://worldlibrary.net/


Description
Description: Leibniz-Institut für Ostseeforschung, Seestraße 15, 18119 Warnemünde, Germany. While the thermodynamic properties of Standard Seawater are very well known, the quantitative effect of sea salt composition anomalies on various properties is difficult to estimate since comprehensive lab experiments with the various natural waters are scarce. Coastal and estuarine waters exhibit significant anomalies which also influence to an unknown amount the routine salinity calculation from conductivity measurements.

Recent numerical models of multi-component aqueous electrolytes permit the simulation of physical chemical properties of seawater with variable solute composition. In this paper, the FREZCHEM model is used to derive a Gibbs function for Baltic seawater, and the LSEA_DELS model to provide estimates for the conductivity anomaly relative to Standard Seawater. From additional information such as direct density measurements or empirical salinity anomaly parameterisation, the quantitative deviations of properties between Baltic and Standard Seawater are calculated as functions of salinity and temperature. While several quantities show anomalies that are comparable with their measurement uncertainties and do not demand special improvement, others exhibit more significant deviations from Standard Seawater properties. In particular density and sound speed turn out to be significantly sensitive to the presence of anomalous solute. Suitable general correction methods are suggested to be applied to Baltic Sea samples with known Practical Salinity and, optionally, directly determined density.


Summary
Thermophysical property anomalies of Baltic seawater

Excerpt
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