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Oil Spills Prediction in the Bonifacio Strait Area, Western Mediterranean : Volume 9, Issue 2 (09/02/2012)

By Cucco, A.

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Book Id: WPLBN0003984190
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 25
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Oil Spills Prediction in the Bonifacio Strait Area, Western Mediterranean : Volume 9, Issue 2 (09/02/2012)  
Author: Cucco, A.
Volume: Vol. 9, Issue 2
Language: English
Subject: Science, Ocean, Science
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection (Contemporary), Copernicus GmbH
Historic
Publication Date:
2012
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications

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Olita, A., Sinerchia, M., Satta, A., Ribotti, A., Fazioli, L., Perilli, A.,...Schroeder, K. (2012). Oil Spills Prediction in the Bonifacio Strait Area, Western Mediterranean : Volume 9, Issue 2 (09/02/2012). Retrieved from http://worldlibrary.net/


Description
Description: CNR IAMC U.O.S. Oristano, Oristano, Italy. An innovative forecasting system of the coastal marine circulation has been implemented in the Bonifacio Strait area, between Corsica and Sardinia, using a numerical approach to facilitate the rapid planning and coordination of remedial actions to oil spill emergencies at sea by local authorities. Downscaling and nesting techniques from regional to coastal scale and a 3-D hydrodynamic numerical model, coupled with a wind wave model, are the core of the integrated Bonifacio Strait system. Such a system is capable to predict the sea state and the dispersion of hydrocarbon spills in the area, providing the forecasts on oil spills through an easy-to-use graphical user interface. Scenarios and risk maps have been created to identify the most risky areas to oil pollution in relation to vessels traffic. The backward investigation technique has been exploited to trace the most probable area from which pollution was generated. The system has been operationally verified in January 2011 when an oil spill occurred in the area. Finally output data are daily released providing forecasting services to end-users through the web.

Summary
Oil spills prediction in the Bonifacio strait area, western Mediterranean

Excerpt
Bellafiore, D., Umgiesser, G., and Cucco, A.: Modeling the water exchange between the Venice Lagoon and the Adriatic Sea, Ocean Dyn., 58, 397–413, 2008.; Bajo, M., Zampato, L., Umgiesser, G., Cucco, A., Canestrelli, P.. A finite element operational model for the storm surge prediction in Venice. Estuarine, Coast. Shelf Sci., 75, 236-2-49, 2007.; Blumberg, A.-F. and Mellor, G.: A description of a three-dimensional coastal ocean circulation model, in: Three-dimensional Coastal Ocean Models, edited by: Heaps, N. S., Coast. Estuar. Sci., AGU, 1–16, 1987.; Brickman, D. and Frank, T.: Modelling the dispersal and mortality of Browns bank egg and larval haddock (Melanogrammus aeglefinus), Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 57, 2519–2535, 2000.; Cucco, A. and Umgiesser, G.: Modeling the Venice Lagoon residence time, Ecol. Modell., 193, 34–51, 2006.; Cucco, A., Umgiesser, G., Ferrarin, C., Perilli, A., Canu, D. M., and Solidoro, C.: Eulerian and Lagrangian transport time scales of a tidal active coastal basin, Ecol. Modell., 220, 913–922, 2009.; Cucco, A., Sinerchia, M., Ribotti, A., Olita, A., Fazioli, L., Sorgente, B., Perilli A., Borghini, M., Schroeder, K., and Sorgente, R.: A high resolution real time forecasting system for predicting the fate of oil spills in the Strait of Bonifacio (western Mediterranean), Mar. Pollut. Bull., accepted, 2012.; European Environment Agency, Priority issues in the Mediterranean environment, EEA Report n. 4, 88 pp., 2006.; Ferrarin, C. and Umgiesser, G.. Hydrodynamic modeling of a coastal lagoon: the Cabras lagoon in Sardinia, Italy, Ecol. Modell., 188, 340–357, 2005.; Ferrer, L., Gonzalez, M., Cotano, U., Uriarte, A., Sagarminaga, Y., Santos, M., Uriarte, Ad., and Collins, M.: Physical controls on the evolution of anchovy in the Bay of Biscay: a numerical approximation, ICES Ann. Sci. Conf., 22–25 September 2004, Vigo, Spain. 20 pp., 2004.; Garcia, R. and Flores, H.: Computer modeling of oil spill trajectories with a high accuracy method, Spill Sci. Technol. Bull., 5, 323–330, 1999.; González, M.; Ferrer, L., Uriarte, A., Urtizberea, A., and Caballero, A.: Operational Oceanography System applied to the Prestige oil-spillage event, J. Mar. Syst., 72, 178–188, 2008.; Hsu, T.-W., Ou, S.-H., and Liau, J.-M.: Hindcasting near shore wind waves using a FEM code for SWAN, Coast. Eng., 52, 177–195, 2005a.; Hsu, T.-W., Ou, S.-H., Liau, J.-M., Zanke, U., Roland, A., and Mewis, P.: Development and implement of a Spectral Finite Element wave model, Waves 2005, ASCE/COPRI. The Fifth International Symposium on Wave Measurement and Analysis. Ed. Billy Edge, Madrid, Spain, 2005b.; Hsu, T.-W., Ou, S.-H., Liau, J.-M., Lin, J.-G., Kao, C.-C., Roland, A., Zanke, U., and Shin, C.-Y.: Application of data assimilation for spectral wave model on unstructured meshes. The 25th International Conference on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering, Hamburg, Germany, 2006.; Huggett, J., Freon, P., Mullon, C., and Penven, P.: Modelling the transport success of anchovy Engraulis encrasicolus eggs and larvae in the southern Benguela: the effect of spatio-temporal spawning patterns, Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., 250, 247–262, 2003.; Kallos, G., Nickovic, S., Papadopoulos, A., Jovic, D., Kakaliagou, O., Misirlis, N., Boukas, L., Mimikou, N., Sakellaridis, G., Papageorgiou, J., Anadranistakis, E., and Manousakis, M.: The regional weather forecasting system Skiron: An overview, in: Proceedings of the Symposium on Regional Weather Prediction on Parallel Computer Environments, 109–122, Athens, Greece, 1997.; Mellor, G. L.: An equation of state for numerical models of oceans and estuaries, J. Atmos. Ocean. Tech., 8, 609–611, 1991.; Pinardi, N. and Coppini, G.: Preface 11Operational oceanography in the Mediterranean Sea: the second stage of development, Ocean Sci., 6, 263–267, doi:10.5194/os-6-263-2010, 2010.; Ribotti, A., Cucco, A., Olita, A., Sinerchia, M., Fazioli, L., Satta, A.

 

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