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Long-term Monitoring Programme of the Hydrological Variability in the Mediterranean Sea: a First Overview of the Hydrochanges Network : Volume 9, Issue 2 (19/04/2012)

By Schroeder, K.

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Book Id: WPLBN0003976052
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File Size: Pages 72
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Long-term Monitoring Programme of the Hydrological Variability in the Mediterranean Sea: a First Overview of the Hydrochanges Network : Volume 9, Issue 2 (19/04/2012)  
Author: Schroeder, K.
Volume: Vol. 9, Issue 2
Language: English
Subject: Science, Ocean, Science
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection, Copernicus GmbH
Publication Date:
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications


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Bensi, M., Budillon, G., Kontoyiannis, H., Sammari, C., Cardin, V., Puig, P.,...Schroeder, K. (2012). Long-term Monitoring Programme of the Hydrological Variability in the Mediterranean Sea: a First Overview of the Hydrochanges Network : Volume 9, Issue 2 (19/04/2012). Retrieved from

Description: CNR-ISMAR, Forte Santa Teresa, 19036 Pozzuolo di Lerici, La Spezia, Italy. The long-term monitoring of basic hydrological parameters (temperature and salinity), collected as time series with adequate temporal resolution (i.e. with a sampling interval allowing the resolution of all important time scales) in key-places of the Mediterranean Sea (straits and channels, zones of dense water formation, deep parts of the basins), constitute a priority in the context of global changes. This led CIESM (The Mediterranean Science Commission) to support, since 2002, the HYDROCHANGES programme (, a network of autonomous conductivity-temperature-depth (CTD) sensors, deployed on mainly short and easily manageable sub-surface moorings. The HYDROCHANGES strategy is twofold and develops on different scales. To get information about long-term changes of hydrological characteristics, long time series are needed. But before these series are long enough they allow detecting links between them at shorter time scales that may provide extremely valuable information about the functioning of the Mediterranean Sea. Here we present the history of the programme and the current setup of the network (monitored sites, involved groups) and provide an overview of all the available time series, discussing some of the results obtained thanks to the programme.

Long-term monitoring programme of the hydrological variability in the Mediterranean Sea: a first overview of the HYDROCHANGES network

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