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Numerical Implementation and Oceanographic Application of the Thermodynamic Potentials of Water, Vapour, Ice, Seawater and Air – Part 1: Background and Equations : Volume 7, Issue 2 (15/03/2010)

By Feistel, R.

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Book Id: WPLBN0003973008
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 127
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Numerical Implementation and Oceanographic Application of the Thermodynamic Potentials of Water, Vapour, Ice, Seawater and Air – Part 1: Background and Equations : Volume 7, Issue 2 (15/03/2010)  
Author: Feistel, R.
Volume: Vol. 7, Issue 2
Language: English
Subject: Science, Ocean, Science
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection (Contemporary), Copernicus GmbH
Historic
Publication Date:
2010
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications

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Feistel, A., Jackett, D. R., Wagner, W., Overhoff, U., Marion, G. M., Reissmann, J. H.,...Miyagawa, K. (2010). Numerical Implementation and Oceanographic Application of the Thermodynamic Potentials of Water, Vapour, Ice, Seawater and Air – Part 1: Background and Equations : Volume 7, Issue 2 (15/03/2010). Retrieved from http://worldlibrary.net/


Description
Description: Leibniz-Institut für Ostseeforschung, Seestraße 15, 18119 Warnemünde, Germany. A new seawater standard referred to as the International Thermodynamic Equation of Seawater 2010 (TEOS-10) was adopted in June 2009 by UNESCO/IOC on its 25th General Assembly in Paris, as recommended by the SCOR/IAPSO Working Group 127 (WG127) on Thermodynamics and Equation of State of Seawater. To support the adoption process, WG127 has developed a comprehensive source code library for the thermodynamic properties of liquid water, water vapour, ice, seawater and humid air, referred to as the Sea-Ice-Air (SIA) library. Here we present the background information and equations required for the determination of the properties of single phases and components as well as of phase transitions and composite systems as implemented in the library. All results are based on rigorous mathematical methods applied to the Primary Standards of the constituents, formulated as empirical thermodynamic potential functions and, except for humid air, endorsed as Releases of the International Association for the Properties of Water and Steam (IAPWS). Details of the implementation in the TEOS-10 SIA library are given in a companion paper.

Summary
Numerical implementation and oceanographic application of the thermodynamic potentials of water, vapour, ice, seawater and air – Part 1: Background and equations

Excerpt
Safarov, J., Millero, F., Feistel, R., Heintz, A., and Hassel, E.: Thermodynamic properties of standard seawater: extensions to high temperatures and pressures, Ocean Sci., 5, 235–246, 2009.; Shaw, A. N.: The Derivation of Thermodynamical Relations for a Simple System, Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. London, A 234, 299–328, 1935.; Sherwood, T. K., Brian, P. L. T., and Fisher, R. E.: Desalination by reverse osmosis, Ind. Eng. Chem. Fundamen., 6, 2–12, 1967.; Skripov, V. P. and Faizullin, M. Z.: Crystal-Liquid-Gas Phase Transitions and Thermodynamic Similarity, Wiley-VCH, Berlin, 174 pp., 2006.; Sun, H., Feistel, R., Koch, M., and Markoe, A.: New Equations for Density, Entropy, Heat Capacity and Potential Temperature of a Saline Thermal Fluid, Deep-Sea Res. I, 55, 1304–1310, 2008.; Stanley, H. E.: Introduction to Phase Transitions and Critical Phenomena, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1971.; Van Wylen, G. J. and Sonntag, R. E.: Fundamentals of Classical Thermodynamics, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, 1965.; von Bezold, W.: Zur Thermodynamik der Atmosphaere. Zweite Mittheilung. Potentielle Temperatur. Verticaler Temperaturgradient. Zusammengesetzte Convection, Sitz. ber. Königl. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 46, 1189–1206, online available at: http://bibliothek.bbaw.de/bibliothek-digital/digitalequellen/schriften/anzeige/index_html?band=10-sitz/1888-2&seite:int=530, 1888.; von Helmholtz, H.: Über atmosphaerische Bewegungen, Sitz. ber. Königl. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 46, 647–663, online available at: http://bibliothek.bbaw.de/bibliothek-digital/digitalequellen/schriften/anzeige/index_html?band=10-sitz/1888-1&seite:int=665, 1888.; Wagner, W. and Kretzschmar, H.-J.: International Steam Tables, 2nd edition, Springer Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2008.; Wagner, W. and Pru{ß}, A.: The IAPWS formulation 1995 for the thermodynamic properties of ordinary water substance for general and scientific use, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 31, 387–535, 2002.; Weiss, R. F. and Price, B. A.: Nitrous oxide solubility in water and seawater, Mar. Chem., 8, 347–359, 1980.; Wright, D. G., Feistel, R., Reissmann, J. H., Miyagawa, K., Jackett, D. R., Wagner, W., Overhoff, U., Guder, C., Feistel, A., and Marion, G. M.: Numerical implementation and oceanographic application of the thermodynamic potentials of water, vapour, ice, seawater and air – Part 2: The library routines, Ocean Sci., submitted, 2010a.\blackbox\bf will be updated by production office.; Wright, D. G., Pawlowicz, R., McDougall, T. M., and Feistel, R.: Absolute Salinity, Density Salinity and the Reference-Composition Salinity Scale: Present and Future Use in the Seawater Standard TEOS-10, Deep-Sea Res., in preparation, 2010b.; Alberty, R. A.: Use of Legendre transforms in chemical thermodynamics, Pure Appl. Chem., 73, 1349–1380, 2001.; Anisimov, M. A.: Critical Phenomena in Liquids and Liquid Crystals, Gordon & Breach Science Publishers, 431 pp., 1991.; Emanuel, K. A.: Atmospheric convection, University Press, New York, Oxford, 1994.; Falkenhagen, H., Ebeling, W., and Hertz, H. G.: Theorie der Elektrolyte, S. Hirzel, Leipzig, 1971.; Ewing, M. B., Lilley, T. H., Olofsson, G. M., Ratzsch, M. T., and Somsen, G.: Standard quantities in chemical thermodynamics. Fugacities, activities and equilibrium constants for pure and mixed phases (IUPAC Recommendations 1994), Pure Appl. Chem., 66, 533–552, 1994.; Feistel, R.: A new extended Gibbs thermodynamic potential of seawater, Prog. Oceanogr., 58, 43–115, 2003.; Feistel, R.: Numerical implementation and oceanographic application of the Gibbs thermodynamic potential of seawater, Ocean Sci., 1, 9–16, 2005.; Feistel R.: A Gibbs Function f

 

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