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Gender, Networks and Mexico-U. S. Migration

By Davis, Benjamin

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Book Id: WPLBN0000063788
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 0.1 MB
Reproduction Date: Available via World Wide Web.
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Title: Gender, Networks and Mexico-U. S. Migration  
Author: Davis, Benjamin
Language: English
Subject: United Nations., Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. FAO agriculture series, Agriculture
Collections: United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization Collection
Publication Date:
Publisher: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations; Digitizer: Fao


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Davis, B. (n.d.). Gender, Networks and Mexico-U. S. Migration. Retrieved from

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Excerpt: The stereotype of a Mexican migrant to the United States is that of an undocumented, young male. However, considerable evidence exists from community-level studies and a variety of data sources indicating that women participate actively in national and international migration [Goldring, 1996; Mummert, 1991; Kossoudji and Ranney, 1984; and Hondagneu-Sotelo, 1994]. In the Durand and Massey 1992 review of migration literature, the authors find that while women and children made up a considerable share of Mexican migration to the United States in the early part of this century, the massive deportations of the 1930s, combined with the implementation of the Bracero program (1940-65), led to primarily male migration. This again changed after 1965, as women and children increasingly migrated to the United States. Houston, et al [1984] find that since 1940 the majority of legal immigrants to the United States are women and children. While Mexican migration to the United States in the 1970s was still mostly male (though just barely), female migrants from Mexico constituted the single largest nationality among women. Similarly, 43% of the amnesty applications under the Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986 were made by women suggesting they form a significant portion of undocumented workers [Miller, 1996].1 In this paper, we examine whether the causes and patterns of rural female migration from Mexico to the United States differ significantly from rural male migration. The results provide insights into the genderspecific effects of migration policy on both sides of the border, as well as implications for agricultural policy in Mexico.


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