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Science


Works of Science are a systematic enterprise that builds and organizes knowledge in the form of testable explanations and predictions about the universe.

 
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How Translational Medicine Is Progressively Redefining Healthcare ...

By: Fritz Dufour

The preliminary idea behind translational medicine, conducting biological research to treat diseases, is not a new concept. But, scientists have been serious about placing the patient at all levels of the research process – right at the basic science level phase and all the way to the bedside – since only the 1990s. Today, translational research is a scientific field, although multidisciplinary. That innovation stemmed from the discoveries of new diseases and new technol...

Translational medicine or translation research is an umbrella term that covers specific research in biological sciences whose main goal is to increase human life expectancy by keeping us healthy (from better ideas to better health). It’s synonymous with translational medical science, disease-targeted research, or evidence-based research. Translation research is particular because of its bidirectional nature. It’s commonly called the B2B approach or bench to bedside appro...

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Comment la médecine translationnelle redéfinit progressivement les...

By: Fritz Dufour

L'idée préliminaire de la médecine translationnelle, qui consiste à mener des recherches biologiques pour traiter des maladies, n'est pas un concept nouveau. Mais les scientifiques ont pris au sérieux le fait de placer le patient à tous les niveaux du processus de recherche – directement à la phase de la science fondamentale et jusqu'au chevet de celui-là – depuis les années 1990 seulement. Aujourd'hui, la recherche translationnelle est un domaine scientifique, bien que ...

La médecine translationnelle ou la recherche translationnelle est un terme générique qui couvre la recherche spécifique en sciences biologiques dont le but principal est d'augmenter l'espérance de vie humaine en nous gardant en bonne santé (de meilleures idées à une meilleure santé). Elle est synonyme de science médicale translationnelle, de recherche axée sur la maladie ou de recherche fondée sur des données probantes. La recherche translationnelle est particulière en r...

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A Brief Experiment of Space

By: Cres Huang

We have learned to manipulating matter and energy since our first existence on Earth, however, never space. Luckily, there is vacuum sharing some properties of space. We can create and shape vacuum to some extent. This experiment will observe the actions of vacuum, mass and energy to derive a logical understanding of space.

Here, the properties of space is summarized as: • Playing-field for mass, energy, and action. • Massless, shapeless, and weightless. • Actionless or absolute zero. • Contains no energy. • Frictionless or zero viscosity. • Incapable of any interaction. • Coexists with all objects. • Beyond measure. • Absolute independent. • Absolute integrity. It’s properties and location never alter.

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Stochastic Functions of Blueshift vs. Redshift

By: Cres Huang

Viewing the random motion, an observer might think it is 50-50 chances that an object would move toward or away. It might be intuitive, however, it is far from the truth. This study derives the probability function of blueshift vs. redshift effect of signal detection. The probability function of blueshift is the risk of collision. It is also the chance to interact in dynamics. I believe it can be use to study risk vs. survival, navigation, dynamic interaction, and other applications.

Doppler blueshift detection is terminal event. It will terminate and switch to redshift at zero meridian. On the other hand, redshift could continue beyond the limit of observation. This natural of Doppler effect makes redshift highly dominating in all observations. It is more than 92% probability of detecting redshift in space.

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Stochastic Functions of Blueshift vs. Redshift (Brief)

By: Cres Huang

Viewing the random motion, an observer might think it is 50-50 chances that an object would move toward or away. It might be intuitive, however, it is far from the truth. This study derives the probability function of blueshift vs. redshift effect of signal detection. The probability function of blueshift is the risk of collision. It is also the chance to interact in dynamics. I believe it can be use to study risk vs. survival, navigation, dynamic interaction, and other applications.

Doppler blueshift detection is terminal event. It will terminate and switch to redshift at zero meridian. On the other hand, redshift could continue beyond the limit of observation. This natural of Doppler effect makes redshift highly dominating in all observations. It is more than 92% probability of detecting redshift in space.

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Big Bang Inflation Paradox Essay

By: Cres Huang

Big-bang and universe expansion are illusions of cosmic redshift. Space has no surface, boundary, and friction. Even if space could expand, it will no carry anything along. The size of the universe is defined by it's boundary, not the separation of objects. Unless the boundary of the universe can be measured, it's size can not be defined. Neither, can we linearly revert the universe had started from a very high density and high temperature state based on the receding obj...

The dominating and exponential natures of radiation redshift do not suggest acceleratingly physical departure of all astronomical objects, neither inflation nor a common origin. Universe will continue as is, no extra matter and energy needed. Otherwise, besides the demand for run-away energy/matter; the interactions among ordinary energy/matter and run-away energy/matter; and acceleratingly expansion demands accelerating energy/matter; and on. It can only lead to run-awa...

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Proposed Fundamental Principles

By: Cres Huang

The infinite dynamic of the universe is maintained by the fundamental principle; infinite, independent, identity, perfect recycle, coherent, complement, and interaction principle.

Infinite, independent, identity, perfect recycle, coherent, complement, and interaction principle of fundamentals.

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Proposed Civilization Scale

By: Cres Huang

Instead of measuring a civilization's level of technological advancement based on energy consumption point of view, I believe it is more appropriate on it's capability of commanding the cycle and recycle of energy and matter; or the mastery of fundamental elements. Type 0 Parasitic Type I: Energy Mastery Type II: Energy and Matter Mastery Don't think our progress is due to cheap energy. The truth is, our lack of progress is due to costly harness of energy and m...

I would not be too proud of our achievement. Don't think our progress is due to cheap energy. The truth is, our lack of progress is due to costly harness of energy and matter. It takes collected global effort to achieve higher civilization. Flopping butterfly wings causing a storm is as specious as earthquake by an elephant stumping his feet. One person can not make significant difference unless mass reactions took place.

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The Making of Black Hole And Galaxy (Brief)

By: Cres Huang

To me, a star is analogous to a constant and all directional nuclear exploding jet engine. Expelling particles would create it's opposite imploding force. By squeezing mass and energy into single point, I don't see other action can create stronger concentrative mass and force than implosive compression. Under this constant compression, a star can reach it's limit of structure and go supernova. The surface activities would radiate the frequency beyond our detection, a bla...

Even invisible, a black hole is a super star. It's hyper intensity of surface activities is beyond our detection. A massive black hole can create its' own super space cyclone. Other subsystems can be caught by the storm and form a galaxy, a superset collection of solar and planetary systems by nature's inheritance and self-similarity.

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The Making of Black Hole And Galaxy

By: Cres Huang

To me, a star is analogous to a constant and all directional nuclear exploding jet engine. Expelling particles would create it's opposite imploding force. By squeezing mass and energy into single point, I don't see other action can create stronger concentrative mass and force than implosive compression. Under this constant compression, a star can reach it's limit of structure and go supernova. The surface activities would radiate the frequency beyond our detection, a bla...

We see the similarity in galaxy, solar system, hurricanes, down to smallest vortex. We also see the self-similarity of life. I believe a black hole, even invisible, is a super star creates it's own super space storm. It's hyper intensity of activities on the surface is beyond our detection.

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The Refutation of Gravitational Attraction

By: Cres Huang

Falling body experiments have shown us the gravitational acceleration is independent of composition, shape, size, and distance. However, attracting acceleration is dependent on composition, shape, size, and distance. Therefore: Gravity is not an attraction. Gravity is a contact force of all elements moving toward a target in uniform acceleration regardless of their differences in composition, shape, size, and distance. As any force, gravity can not exist withou...

Gravitational acceleration is independent of composition, shape, size, and distance. However, attracting is dependent on composition, shape, size, and distance. Therefore: Gravity is not a force of attraction. It is a contact force of all elements moving toward a target in uniform acceleration regardless of their differences in composition, shape, size, and distance; a concentrative potential. Objects move to minimum contact field would lost their concentrat...

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The Making of Planet and Gravity (Brief)

By: Cres Huang

Gravity is not force of attraction. An one way concentrative potential is created by head-on congregation of particles from gentle pairing to high speed collision. It can be started by electromagnetic attraction or disturbance in the environment internally or externally. A terrestrial planet, for example, is the coalition of elements. It grows in the process of construction. The coalition builds the body and the force of keeping it together, gravity.

Gravity is not attraction. It is push, squeeze, or compression. The gathering of mases build a body and it's force of coalition, gravity. It might feel weak on an object. However, gravity center is the most intensive mass and energy center of a planet. The coalition of mass and energy forms an activity center of building structures and emerging of a plant.

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The Making of Planet and Gravity

By: Cres Huang

Gravity is not force of attraction. An one way concentrative potential is created by head-on congregation of particles from gentle pairing to high speed collision. It can be started by electromagnetic attraction or disturbance in the environment internally or externally. A terrestrial planet, for example, is the coalition of elements. It grows in the process of construction. The coalition builds the body and the force of keeping it together, gravity.

Gravity is not attraction. It is push, squeeze, or compression. The gathering of mases build a body and it's force of coalition, gravity. It might feel weak on an object. However, gravity center is the most intensive mass and energy center of a planet. The coalition of mass and energy forms an activity center of building structures and emerging of a plant.

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The Refutation of Gravitational Attraction (Brief)

By: Cres Huang

Falling body experiments have shown us the gravitational acceleration is independent of composition, shape, size, and distance. However, attracting acceleration is dependent on composition, shape, size, and distance. Therefore: Gravity is not an attraction. Gravity is a contact force of all elements moving toward a target in uniform acceleration regardless of their differences in composition, shape, size, and distance. As any force, gravity can not exist withou...

Gravitational acceleration is independent of composition, shape, size, and distance. However, attracting is dependent on composition, shape, size, and distance. Therefore: Gravity is not a force of attraction. It is a contact force of all elements moving toward a target in uniform acceleration regardless of their differences in composition, shape, size, and distance; a concentrative potential. Objects move to minimum contact field would lost their concentrat...

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The Making of Star and Solar System (Brief)

By: Cres Huang

To me. the gravity of super-sized planet can trigger global nuclear reactions and become a star. The expelled particles embrace objects in it's path and create a space cyclone, solar system. Our Solar System is a cyclone powered by the vortex force of a single dominating star, the Sun, in weightless space. The Sun regulates the orbits and reduces the collision of all plants and alike within it's reach. The question is, would it be our second star if Jupiter got a chanc...

Isn't the Solar System resemblance of a cyclone powered by the vortex force of the Sun in weightless space?

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Age of The Universe Paradox

By: Cres Huang

The question is, will we ever know if there are objects outside of the detectable universe radiating in wave length longer than CBR? We only measure the universe with visual radiations. Doesn't it seem that the age of the universe is determined by the size of our telescope? Nevertheless, there are activities of elementary particles which can not be detected by us? Isn't' it impossible to picture how far some active objects, say neutrinos, can be other than infinite.

Suppose we have perfect telescope that is limitless in range; And, we don't see anything when we look pass all objects; Can we say we have reached the edge of the Space or Universe? Or, there is infinity beyond Space?

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Wave and Tide Essay

By: Cres Huang

Wave is a fundamental action of the universe. Water waves when it is disturbed by internal or external force. And, there be higher water level when waves meet the shore. This study examines the driving forces of waving gas, liquid, and solid anew when gravity is not force of attraction.

Gravity is not a force of attraction. It has raised the question of how the Sun and Moon affect the tide when attraction force has nothing to do with it.

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Driving Force of Tectonic Plate

By: Cres Huang

Gravity is the inward force of keeping it's spherical shape. Force of tectonic motion has to fight against gravity to push the crust from the ocean floor to the top of mountain ranges. The only force that is persistently counteracting and can be stronger then gravity is the centrifugal force. It is likely the centrifugal acceleration made Earth oblate spheroid, and the main driving force of waving mantle along with crust, water and atmosphere. However, the added mass ...

I don't believe the mantle convection can be the driving force. Instead, it is driven by gravity and centrifugal forces. Hot mantle can not raise without the gravity or centrifugal force to provide ascending buoyancy. And, cool mantle will not sink without the gravity. It is the same principle of hot air does not raise and cold air does not sink in zero gravity. Gravity force makes denser elements sink and lighter ones raise. On the other hand, centrifugal force works i...

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Spacetime Curvature Paradox Essay

By: Cres Huang

Space is in our hands and all around us. We have learned to manipulate matter and energy since our first existence on Earth, but never space. It is the absolute complement of the physical universe. It is impossible to bend space since it has no boundary and surface. Space can not have boundary. Otherwise, it would separate space from something else outside of the space. Neither the boundary or surface of the space nor the outside of the space can be defined as anythin...

Space is fundamental, it is independent from mass, energy, and everything else. It is the absolute complement of the physical universe. It can not be disturbed, otherwise there would be no peace in whole universe. And, space and time can not go together. Space has existence, time has not. Space is absolutely recyclable, never time. Haven't we confused by looking too hard?

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Dark Matter and Dark Energy Paradox Essay

By: Cres Huang

Many incomprehensible paradoxes are created by dark matter and dark energy. Physical matter, dark or not, has to occupy space and prevent other matter from taking the same location. On the other hand, isn't it meaningless if dark matter and dark energy can occupy the same space of ordinary matter and energy without interactions?

If redshift was not over (even mis) interpreted, all further controversial interpretations can be avoided. Time and effort of scientists is too valuable isn't it?

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