Works about India refer in some way to its political, economical, geographical, historical or cultural way of life. India is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by area, the second-most populous country with over 1.2 billion people. It continues to face the challenges of poverty, illiteracy, corruption, and inadequate public healthcare. India is a pluralistic, multilingual, and multiethnic society. It is also home to a diversity of wildlife in a variety of protected habitats.