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Experiments with the Secchi Disk : Volume 10, Issue 5 (25/10/2013)

By: J. Høkedal; K. Sørensen; E. Aas

Description: Department of Geosciences, University of Oslo, Gaustadalleen 21, 0349 Oslo, Norway. The Secchi depth and its relationships to other properties of the sea water in the Oslofjord–Skagerrak area have been investigated. White and black disks of different sizes have been applied, and the Secchi depth has been observed with the naked eye, through colour filters and with a water telescope. Spectral luminances and illuminances have been calculated from recor...

Aarup, T.: Transparency of the North Sea and Baltic Sea – a Secchi depth data mining study, Oceanologia, 44, 323–337, 2002.; Aarup, T., Holt, N., and Højerslev, N. K.: Optical measurements in the North Sea–Baltic Sea transition zone, II: Water mass classification along the Jutland west coast from salinity and spectral irradiance measurements, Cont. Shelf Res., 16, 1343–1353, 1996a.; Aarup, T., Holt, N., and Højerslev, N. K.: Optical measurements in the North Sea–Baltic S...

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Water Level Oscillations in Monterey Bay and Harbor : Volume 11, I...

By: R. Heitsenrether; W. V. Sweet; J. Park

Description: National Park Service, 950 N. Krome Ave, Homestead, FL, USA. Seiches are normal modes of water bodies responding to geophysical forcings with potential to significantly impact ecology and maritime operations. Analysis of high-frequency (1 Hz) water level data in Monterey, California, identifies harbor modes between 10 and 120 s that are attributed to specific geographic features. It is found that modal amplitude modulation arises from cro...

AMS: Seiches in Lake Garda, Mon. Weather Rev., 31, 532–533, doi:10.1175/1520-0493(1903)31[532b:SILG]2.0.CO;2, 1903.; AMS: The seiche and its mechanical explanation, Mon. Weather Rev., 34, 226, doi:2.0.CO;2>10.1175/1520-0493(1906)34<226b:TSAIME>2.0.CO;2, 1906.; Bloomfield, P.: Fourier Analysis of Time Series: An Introduction, Wiley...

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Atmospheric Forcing of Dsow Salinity : Volume 3, Issue 5 (16/10/2006)

By: T. Albrecht; J. Holfort

Description: Institut für Meereskunde der Universität Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany. The temporal evolution of the characteristics of Denmark Strait Overflow Water (DSOW) is reconstructed using hydrographic data and compared with possible atmospheric forcing mechanisms. It is concluded that the main factor influencing the DSOW characteristics at a time scale of one to several years is the difference in mean sea level pressure across, respective wind along Denmark Strait...

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Problems with Estimation and Interpretation of Oceanic Heat Transp...

By: A. Beszczynska-möller; U. Schauer

Description: Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research, Bremerhaven, Germany. While the concept of oceanic heat transport – or rather heat transport divergence – is well known, it is sometimes applied inaccurately. Often so-called heat transports are computed across a partial section which means that the volume flow through such a section is not zero. In this case the heat transports depend entirely on the choice of the temperature scale. The consequenc...

Cuny, J., Rhines Peter B. , and Kwok, R.: Davis Strait volume, freshwater and heat fluxes, Deep-Sea Res. Pt. I, 52(3), 519–542, 2005.; Fahrbach, E., Meincke, J., Østerhus, S., Rohardt, G., Schauer, U., Tverberg, V., and Verduin, J.: Direct measurements of volume transports through Fram Strait, Polar Res., 20(2), 217–224, 2001.; Hall, M. M. and Bryden, H. L.: Direct estimates and mechanisms of ocean heat transport, Deep-Sea Res. Pt. I, 29, 339–359, 1982.; Ingvaldsen, R. B...

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The Land-ice Contribution to 21St Century Dynamic Sea-level Rise :...

By: A. K. Pardaens; J. Ridley; R. H. Giesen; T. L. Edwards; A. J. Payne; R. T. W. L. Hurkmans; T. Howard; J. A. Lowe; J. Oerlemans; J. L. Bamber

Description: Met Office Hadley Centre, FitzRoy Road, Exeter, EX1 3PB, UK. Climate change has the potential to locally influence mean sea level through a number of processes including (but not limited to) thermal expansion of the oceans and enhanced land ice melt. These lead to departures from the global mean sea level change, due to spatial variations in the change of water density and transport, which are termed dynamic sea level changes.

In this s...

Aiken, C. M. and England, M. H.: Sensitivity of the present-day climate to freshwater forcing associated with Antarctic sea ice loss, J. Climate, 21, 3936–3946, doi:10.1175/2007jcli1901.1, 2008.; Baldwin, M. P., Stephenson, D. B., and Jolliffe, I. T.: Spatial weighting and iterative projection methods for EOFs, J. Climate, 22, 234–243, doi:10.1175/2008jcli2147.1, 200...

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