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Implications of Spatial Distribution of Rockfall Reconstructed by ...

By: J. Hradecký; K. Šilhán; T. Pánek

Description: Department of Physical Geography and Geoecology, Faculty of Science, University of Ostrava, Ostrava, Czech Republic. Rockfall is a dangerous geomorphological process. The prediction of potentially threatened areas requires thorough reconstruction of spatial rockfall activity. Dendrogeomorphic methods allow precise determination of both temporal and spatial occurrences of rockfall without the necessity of long-term monitoring. At the case-study site of Ta...

Bollschweiler, M., Stoffel, M., Ehmisch, M., and Monbaron, M.: Reconstructing spatiotemporal patterns of debris-flow activity with dendrogeomorphologic methods, Geomorphology, 87, 337–351, doi:10.1016/j.geomorph.2006.10.002, 2007.; Bräker, O. U.: Measuring and data processing in tree-ring research – a methodological introduction, Dendrochronologia, 20, 203–216, ...

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The Study of Past Damaging Hydrogeological Events for Damage Susce...

By: O. Petrucci; A. A. Pasqua

Description: CNR-IRPI, Via Cavour 4/6, 87030 Rende, Cosenza, Italy. Damaging Hydrogeological Events are defined as periods during which phenomena, such as landslides, floods and secondary floods, cause damage to people and the environment.

A Damaging Hydrogeological Event which heavily damaged Calabria (Southern Italy) between December 1972, and January 1973, has been used to test a procedure to be utilised in the zonation of a province according to damage...

Polemio, M. and Petrucci, O.: Rainfall as a landslide triggering factor: an overview of recent international research, Proceedings 8th International Symposium on Landslides in Cardiff, June 2000: 1219–1226, 2000; Polemio, M. and Sdao, F.: Landslide hazard and critical rainfall in Southern Italy, Proceedings VII Int. Symp. on landslides, Norway, Balkema, Rotterdam, 847–852, 1996.; Remondo, J., Bonachea, J., and Cendrero, A.: Quantitative landslide risk assessment and mapp...

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Effects of Temperature on Flood Forecasting: Analysis of an Operat...

By: G. Ravazzani; D. Rabuffetti; A. Salandin; E. Borgonovo; M. Mancini; A. Ceppi; A. Montani

Description: Politecnico di Milano – D.I.C.A., Piazza Leonardo da Vinci, 32, 20133 Milan, Italy. In recent years the interest in the forecast and prevention of natural hazards related to hydro-meteorological events has increased the challenge for numerical weather modelling, in particular for limited area models, to improve the quantitative precipitation forecasts (QPF) for hydrological purposes.

After the encouraging results obtained in the MAP D-PHASE Pr...

Amengual, A., Diomede, T., Marsigli, C., Martín, A., Morgillo, A., Romero, R., Papetti, P., and Alonso, S.: A hydrometeorological model intercomparison as a tool to quantify the forecast uncertainty in a medium size basin, Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 8, 819–838, doi:10.5194/nhess-8-819-2008, 2008.; Arpagaus, M., Rotach, M., Ambrosetti, P., Ament, F., Appenzeller, C., Bauer, H. S., Bouttier, F., Buzzi, A., Corazza,...

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A Conceptual Vulnerability and Risk Framework as Outline to Identi...

By: K. Zosseder; S. Dech; A. Roth; J. Post; H. Taubenböck; G. Strunz

Description: German Remote Sensing Data Center (DFD), German Aerospace Center (DLR), 82234 Wessling, Germany. This study aims at creating a holistic conceptual approach systematizing the interrelation of (natural) hazards, vulnerability and risk. A general hierarchical risk meta-framework presents potentially affected components of a given system, such as its physical, demographic, social, economic, political or ecological spheres, depending on the particular hazard....

ADPC (ASIAN DISASTER PREPAREDNESS CENTRE): The Role of Local Institutions in Reducing Vulnerability to Recurrent Natural Disasters and in Sustainable Livelihoods Development in High Risk Areas, Report submitted to FAO, source, ftp://ftp.fao.org/docrep/nonfao/ad695e/ad695e00.pdf, 2003.; Adger, W. N.: Vulnerability, Glob. Environ. Change, 16, 268–281, 2006.; Bakir, P. and Boduroglu, H.: Earthquake Risk and Hazard Mitigation in Turkey, Earthquake Spectra, 18(3), 427–447, 20...

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Tidal Triggering Evidence of Intermediate Depth Earthquakes in the...

By: P. Zhu; M. Van Ruymbeke; N. Cadicheanu

Description: Institute of Geodynamics of the Romanian Academy, 19-21, Jean-Louis Calderon St., Bucharest-37, 020032, Romania. Tidal triggering evidence of intermediate earthquakes in the Vrancea region (Romania) is investigated. The Vrancea seismic zone is located in the bend region of the South-Eastern Carpathians (45°–46° N, 25.5°–27.5° E) and is known as one of the most active seismic zones in Europe. We selected earthquakes occurred between 1981 and 2005 from the...

Ardeleanu, L.: Statistical Models of the Seismicity of the Vrancea Region, Romania, Natural Hazards, 19, 151–164, 1999.; Bala, A., Radulian, M., and Popescu, E.: Earthquakes distribution and their focal mechanism in correlation with the active tectonic zones of Romania, J. Geodyn., 36, 129–145, 2003.; Bazacliu, O. and Radulian, M.: Seismicity Variations in Depth and Time in the Vrancea (Romania) Subcrustal Region, Natural Hazards, 19, 165–177, 1999.; Cadicheanu, N., van ...

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Monitoring and Forecasting Etna Volcanic Plumes : Volume 9, Issue ...

By: G. Spata; M. D'Agostino; M. Coltelli; S. Scollo; M. Prestifilippo

Description: Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, sezione di Catania, Catania, Italy. In this paper we describe the results of a project ongoing at the Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia (INGV). The objective is to develop and implement a system for monitoring and forecasting volcanic plumes of Etna. Monitoring is based at present by multispectral infrared measurements from the Spin Enhanced Visible and Infrared Imager on board the Meteosat Sec...

Aloisi, M., D'Agostino, M., Dean, K. G., Mostaccio, A., and Neri, G.: Satellite analysis and PUFF simulation of the eruptive cloud generated by the Mount Etna paroxysm of 22 July 1998, J. Geophys. Res., 107(B12), 2373, doi:10.1029/2001JB000630, 2002.; Alparone, S., Andronico, D., Lodato, L., and Sgroi, T.: Relationship between tremor and volcanic activity during the Southeast Crater eruption on Mount Etna in early 2000, J. Geophys. Res., 115(B4), 2241, doi:10.1029/2002JB...

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Possible Earthquake Precursors Revealed by Lf Radio Signals : Volu...

By: R. Piccolo; S. Martellucci; A. Ermini; M. Hayakawa; C. Bellecci; P. F. Biagi; V. Capozzi; S. P. Kingsley

Description: Dept. of Physics, University of Bari, 173-70126 Bari, Italy. Among radio signals, low frequency (LF) radio signals lie in the band between 30–300 kHz. Monitoring equipment with the ability to measure the electric strength of such signals at field sites, were designed and assembled in Italy. From 1993 onwards, the electric field strength of the MCO (216 kHz, France) broadcasting station has been collecting measurements at two sites in ...

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Development of the Damage Potential Resulting from Avalanche Risk ...

By: M. Keiler

Description: Institute of Geography, University of Innsbruck, Innrain 52, A-6020 Innsbruck, Austria. The risk resulting from natural hazards can be derived from the combination of parameters of physical processes and the damage potential. Even though the damage potential has been taken into account more frequently, quantifying statements are still missing. This study presents a detailed recording of the damage potential in the study area and describes the development...

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Storms or Cold Fronts? What is Really Responsible for the Extreme ...

By: J. C. Ortiz-royero; J. K. Ruiz-merchan; L. J. Otero; S. A. Henriquez; A. E. Higgins

Description: Applied Physics Group – Ocean and Atmosphere Area – Physics Department, Universidad del Norte, Barranquilla, Colombia. On Friday, 7 March 2009, a 200 m-long section of the tourist pier in Puerto Colombia collapsed under the impact of the waves generated by a cold front in the area. The aim of this study is to determine the contribution and importance of cold fronts and storms on extreme waves in different areas of the Colombian Caribbean to determine the...

Mesa, J. C.: Metodología para el reanálisis de series de oleaje para el caribe colombiano (Methodology for the re-analysis of wave series for the Colombian Caribbean), Tesis Doctoral, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Colombia, Medellin, 5–12, 2010.; Mesa, O., Poveda, G., and Carvajal, F.: Introducción al Clima de Colombia (Introduction to Colombia's climate), Illustrated, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Medellín, Colombia, 23–27, 1997.; Molares, R.: Clasificación e id...

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Rainfall and Earthquake-induced Landslide Susceptibility Assessmen...

By: G. Zhou; C. Tang; L. Zheng; Y. Li; G. Chen

Description: Department of Civil and Structural Engineering, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan. A GIS-based method for the assessment of landslide susceptibility in a selected area of Qingchuan County in China is proposed by using the back-propagation Artificial Neural Network model (ANN). Landslide inventory was derived from field investigation and aerial photo interpretation. 473 landslides occurred before the Wenchuan earthquake (which were thought as rainfall-ind...

Soeters, R. and van Westen, C. J.: Slope stability recognition, analysis, and zonation application of geographical information system to landslide hazard zonation, in: Landslides: Investigation and Mitigation. Sp.-Rep., edited by: Turner, A. K. and Schuster, R. L., 247, Transportation Research Board, National Research Council. National Academy Press, Washington, DC, 129–177, 1996.; Tretkoff, E.: Calculating specific catchment area, Eos Trans. AGU, 92, 232,

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Adapting Water Allocation Management to Drought Scenarios : Volume...

By: M. Brambilla; P. Giacomelli; A. Rossetti

Description: Università degli Studi di Milano – Agricultural, Agri-food and Environmental Economics and Policy Department, Italy. Climate change dynamics have significant consequences on water resources on a watershed scale. With water becoming scarcer and susceptible to variation, the planning and reallocation decisions in watershed management need to be reviewed. This research focuses on an in-depth understanding of the current allocation balance of water resources...

Bull, R.: Disaster Economics, Disaster Management Training Programme, United Nations Development Programme, 1994.; Consorzio dell'Adda: Gli effetti della regolazione sulle portate dell'Adda e sulle piene del Lago di Como, 12, Milano, 2003.; Consorzio dell'Adda: Hydrological daily data, http://www.laghi.net/Adda/index.asp?Disp=idrometro, last accessed 18 July 2007, 2006.; EEA:.. European Environmental Agency. Climate change and water adaptation issues, EEA Technical repor...

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Debris Flow Susceptibility Mapping Using a Qualitative Heuristic M...

By: P. Behnia; A. Blais-stevens

Description: Geological Survey of Canada, 601 Booth Street, Ottawa, Ontario, K1A0E8, Canada. This research activity aimed at reducing risk to infrastructure, such as a proposed pipeline route roughly parallel to the Yukon Alaska Highway Corridor (YAHC) by filling geoscience knowledge gaps in geohazards. Hence, the Geological Survey of Canada compiled an inventory of landslides including debris flow deposits, which were subsequently used to validate two different deb...

Carson, M. A. and Kirkby, M. J.: Hillslope Form and Process, Cambridge University Press, London, 475 pp., 1972.; Beguería, S., Van Asch, Th. W. J., Malet, J.-P., and Gröndahl, S.: A GIS-based numerical model for simulating the kinematics of mud and debris flows over complex terrain, Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 9, 1897–1909, doi:10.5194/nhess-9-1897-2009, 2009.; Berti, M. and Simoni, A.: Prediction of debris flow ...

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Development of Tsunami Early Warning Systems and Future Challenges...

By: J. Wächter; M. Lendholt; M. Hammitzsch; R. Häner; J. Fleischer; A. Kloth; A. Babeyko

Description: Helmholtz Centre Potsdam, GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences, CeGIT Centre for GeoInformation Technology, Germany. Fostered by and embedded in the general development of information and communications technology (ICT), the evolution of tsunami warning systems (TWS) shows a significant development from seismic-centred to multi-sensor system architectures using additional sensors (e.g. tide gauges and buoys) for the detection of tsunami waves in t...

Babeyko, A. Y., Hoechner, A., and Sobolev, S. V.: Source modeling and inversion with near real-time GPS: a GITEWS perspective for Indonesia, Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 10, 1617–1627, doi:10.5194/nhess-10-1617-2010, 2010.; Chappell, D. A.: Enterprise Service Bus, O'Reilly, 2004.; Behrens, J., Androsov, A., Babeyko, A. Y., Harig, S., Klaschka, F., and Mentrup, L.: A new multi-sensor approach to simulation assiste...

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Underlying Mechanism of Precursory Activity from Analysis of Upwar...

By: O. A. Molchanov

Description: Institute of Physics of the Earth, Russian Academy of Sciences (IPE RAS), Moscow, Russia. In this paper we analyse the upward earthquake hypocentral migration in the ten known subduction zones and discuss a possible mechanism of such migration. The total time of the migration appears to range from 2.5 to 10 years. It leads to the estimation of the average velocity Vz~ 60−300 km yr−1. It probably corresponds to the mov...

Anderson, D. L.: Accelerated plate tectonics, Science, 187, 1077–79, 1975.; Byerlee, J. D.: Model for episodic flow of high pressure water in the fault zones before earthquakes, Geology, 21, 303–306, 1993.; Green, H. W. and Burnley, P. C.: A new self-organizing mechanism for deep earthquakes, Nature, 341, 733–37, 1989.; Kanamori, H. and Anderson, D.: Theoretical basis of some empirical relations in seismology, B. Seismol. Soc. Am., 65, 1073–95, 1975.; Kirby, S.: Localize...

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Geomorphological and Geochemical Characterization of the 11 August...

By: C. Musumeci; M. Cangemi; F. Grassa; P. Madonia

Description: Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Sezione di Palermo, Via Ugo La Malfa 153, 90146 Palermo, Italia. On 11 August 2008 a paroxysmal eruption occurred at Santa Barbara mud volcano (MV), located close to Caltanissetta, one of the most densely populated cities of Sicily (Italy). An associated minor event took place on August 2009. Both the events caused severe damage to civil infrastructures located within a range of about 2 km from the eruptive...

Brown, K. M., Saffer, D. M., and Bekins, B. A.: Smectite diagenesis, pore water freshening and fluid flow at the toe of the Nankai wedge, Earth Planet. Sc. Lett., 194, 97–109, 2001.; Abikh, G. V.: New Islands on the Caspian Sea and the Cognition of Mud Volcanoes of the Caspian Region, Mem. Acad. Sci. Peterbourg, Ser. VIII, 6(5), (Translated from the German, Tr. Inst. Geol. Azer., Fil. Akad. Nauk SSSR, 12, 1548 pp., 1939), 1863.; Aliyev, A. A.: Mud volcanism of the South-...

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Is Flow Velocity a Significant Parameter in Flood Damage Modelling...

By: K. Piroth; J. Schwarz; H. Kreibich; B. Merz; U. Kunert; I. Seifert; H. Maiwald; A. H. Thieken

Description: Helmholtz Centre Potsdam German Research Centre for Geosciences (GFZ), Hydrology Section, Potsdam, Germany. Flow velocity is generally presumed to influence flood damage. However, this influence is hardly quantified and virtually no damage models take it into account. Therefore, the influences of flow velocity, water depth and combinations of these two impact parameters on various types of flood damage were investigated in five communities affected by th...

Aronica, G. and Lanza, L.: Drainage efficiency in urban environment, Hydrol. Process., 19(5), 1105–1119, 2005.; Aronica, G., Nasello, C., and Tucciarelli, T.: 2D multilevel model for flood wave propagation in floodaffected areas, J. Water Res. Pl.-ASCE, 124(4), 210–217, 1998.; Apel, H., Aronica, G. T., Kreibich, H., and Thieken, A. H.: Flood risk analyses – how detailed do we need to be?, Nat. Hazards, 49(1), 79–98, doi:10.1007/s11069-008-9277-8, 2009.; Bates, P. D. and ...

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Brief Communication the Use of Uav in Rock Fall Emergency Scenario...

By: A. Manconi; M. Baldo; P. Allasia; F. Dell'Anese; F. Dutto; D. Giordan; A. Facello

Description: National Research Council, Research Institute for Geo-hydrological Protection, Geohazard Monitoring Group, Strada delle Cacce 73, 10135 Torino, Italy. In recent years, the use of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) in operations in civilian/commercial contexts is becoming increasingly common also for the applications concerning the anthropic and natural disasters. In this paper, we present the first results of a research project aimed at defining a possibl...

Borghi, A., Cadoppi, P., Porro, A., and Sacchi, R.: Metamorphism in the northern part of the Dora Maira massif (Cottian Alps), Boll. Mus. Reg. Sci. Nat. Torino, 3, 369–380, 1985.; Chiabrando, F., Lingua, A., and Piras, M.: Direct Photogrammetry Using Uav: Tests and First Results, Int. Arch. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci., XL-1/W2, 81–86, 2013.; Colomina, I., Aigner, E., Agea, A., Pereira, M., Vitoria, T., Jarauta, R., Pascual, J., Ventura, J., Sastre, J., Bre...

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The Pecularities of Shear Crack Pre-rupture Evolution and Distribu...

By: D. Kiyashchenko; V. Troyan

Description: Physics Department, St. Petersburg State University, 1 Ulianovskaya Street, St. Petersburg, 198 504, Russia. Several methods are presently suggested for investigating pre-earthquake evolution of the regions of high tectonic activity based on analysis of the seismicity spatial distribution. Some precursor signatures are detected before strong earthquakes: decrease in fractal dimension of the continuum of earthquake epicenters, cluster form...

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Last Mile Challenges to in Situ Volcanic Data Transmission : Volum...

By: J. Trindade; B. V. E. Faria; F. M. Silva; G. Cruz; R. L. Pereira; A. Chambel; J. F. B. D. Fonseca; T. Vazão

Description: Instituto Superior Técnico, Lisbon, Portugal. Scientists play a key role in volcanic risk mitigation, but rely heavily on fast access to data acquired in the vicinity of an active volcano. Hazardous volcanoes are often located in remote areas were telecommunications infrastructure is fragile. Besides being exposed directly to the volcanic hazard, the infrastructure in such remote areas can suffer also from last mile limitations derived from lack ...

Bold, W. and Davidson, W.: Mobile broadband: redefining internet access and empowering individuals, in: Living in a Hyperconnected World, The Global Information Technology Report 2012, edited by: Dutta, S. and Bilbao-Osorio, B., World Economic Forum, Davos, 67–77, 2012.; Faria, B. V. E.: Monitorização Geofísica e Níveis de Alerta do vulcão do Fogo, Ph. D. thesis, Universidade Técnica de Lisboa, Lisbon, 2010 (in Portuguese).; Day, S. J., Heleno, S. I. N., and Fonseca, J. ...

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Identification of Potential Rockfall Source Areas at a Regional Sc...

By: M. Jaboyedoff; A. Pedrazzini; A. Loye

Description: Institute of Geomatics and Risk Analysis, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland. The availability of high resolution Digital Elevation Models (DEM) at a regional scale enables the analysis of topography with high levels of detail. Hence, a DEM-based geomorphometric approach becomes more accurate for detecting potential rockfall sources. Potential rockfall source areas are identified according to the slope angle distribution deduced from high res...

Aksoy, H. and Ercanoglu, M.: Determination of the rockfall source in an urban settlement area by using a rule-based fuzzy evaluation, Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 6, 941–954, 2006.; Acosta, E., Agliardi, F., Crosta, G. B., and Rìos Aragués, S.: Regional Rockfall Hazard Assessment in the Benasque Valley (Central Pyrenees) using 3D numerical Approach, Tech. rep., Project DAMOCLES, 2007.; Baillifard, F., Jaboyedoff, M., and Sartori, M.: Rockfall hazard mapping along a mou...

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