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Non-susceptible Landslide Areas in Italy and in the Mediterranean ...

By: F. Guzzetti; I. Marchesini; M. Rossi; M. Alvioli; F. Ardizzone

Description: Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Istituto di Ricerca per la Protezione Idrogeologica, via Madonna Alta 126, 06128 Perugia, Italy. We used landslide information for 13 study areas in Italy and morphometric information obtained from the 3-arcseconds shuttle radar topography mission digital elevation model (SRTM DEM) to determine areas where landslide susceptibility is expected to be negligible in Italy and in the landmasses surrounding the Mediterranean ...

Antonini, G., Cardinali, M., Guzzetti, F., Reichenbach, P., and Sorrentino, A.: Carta Inventario dei Fenomeni Franosi della Regione Marche ed aree limitrofe, CNR Gruppo Nazionale per la Difesa dalle Catastrofi Idrogeologiche Publication no. 580, 2 sheets, scale 1 : 100 000, GNDCI internal report, 1993.; Antonini, G., Ardizzone, F., Cardinali, M., Carrara, A., Detti, R., Galli, M., Guzzetti, F., Reichenbach, P., Sotera, M., and Tonelli, G.: Rapporto Finale, Convenzione fr...

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A Novel Approach to Evaluate and Compare Computational Snow Avalan...

By: J.-t. Fischer

Description: Federal Research and Training Centre for Forests, Natural Hazards and Landscape – BFW, Department of Natural Hazards, Rennweg 1, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria. An innovative approach for the analysis and interpretation of snow avalanche simulation in three dimensional terrain is presented. Snow avalanche simulation software is used as a supporting tool in hazard mapping. When performing a high number of simulation runs the user is confronted with a considerabl...

AVL: FIRE CFD Solver Manual, AVL List Gmbh, 2009.; Ancey, C.: Monte Carlo calibration of avalanches described as Coulomb fluid flows, Philos. T. R. Soc.~A, 363, 1529–1550, doi:10.1098/rsta.2005.1593, 2005.; Barbolini, M. and Savi, F.: Estimate of uncertainties in avalanche hazard mapping, Ann. Glaciol., 32, 299–305, doi:10.3189/172756401781819373, 2001.; Barbolin...

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Influence of Rheology on Debris-flow Simulation : Volume 6, Issue ...

By: L. Marchi; L. Franzi; M. Arattano

Description: CNR-IRPI, Strada delle Cacce,73, 10135 Torino, Italy. Systems of partial differential equations that include the momentum and the mass conservation equations are commonly used for the simulation of debris flow initiation, propagation and deposition both in field and in laboratory research. The numerical solution of the partial differential equations can be very complicated and consequently many approximations that neglect some of their terms have been p...

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Assessing Domestic Water Use Habits for More Effective Water Aware...

By: D. Saurí; M. Hernández; H. March

Description: Internet Interdisciplinary Institute, Universitat Oberta de Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain. The design of water awareness campaigns could benefit from knowledge on the specific characteristics of domestic water use and of the factors that may influence certain water consumption habits. This paper investigates water use in 450 households of 10 municipalities of drought prone Alicante (Spain) with the objective of increasing knowledge about existing dom...

Baumann, D. D., Boland, J. J., and Hanemann, W. M.: Urban Water Demand Management and Planning, MacGraw Hill, New York, 1998.; Consorcio de aguas de la Marina Baja: Consorcio de aguas de la Marina Baja webpage, available at: http://www.consorciomarinabaja.org/datos.php#datos (last access: 2 October 2014), 2012.; El País: El abuso de jardines y piscinas deja sin agua a urbanizaciones en Altea, available at:

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Are Great Cascadia Earthquakes Recorded in the Sedimentary Records...

By: J. E. Kusler; C. E. Briles; C. Goldfinger; A. E. Morey; D. Colombaroli; D. G. Gavin

Description: College of Earth, Ocean, and Atmospheric Sciences, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon, USA. Here we investigate sedimentary records from four small inland lakes located in the southern Cascadia forearc region for evidence of earthquakes. Three of these lakes are in the Klamath Mountains near the Oregon–California border, and one is in the central Oregon Coast range. The sedimentary sequences recovered from these lakes are composed of normal lake ...

Abdeldayem, A. L., Ikehara, K., and Yamazaki, T.: Flow path of the 1993 Hokkaido-Nansei-oki earthquake seismic turbidite, southern margin of the Japan sea north basin, inferred from anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility, Geophys. J. Int., 157, 15–24, 2004.; Adams, J.: Contemporary uplift and erosion of the Southern Alps, New Zealand, Bull. Geol. Soc. Am., 91, 1–114, 1980.; Adams, J.: Active deformation of the Pacific Northwest continental margin, Tectonics, 3, 449–472, 1...

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Joint Analysis of Infrasound and Seismic Signals by Cross Wavelet ...

By: D. Patanè; A. Cannata; P. Montalto

Description: Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Osservatorio Etneo – Sezione di Catania, Piazza Roma 2, 95123 Catania, Italy. The prompt detection of explosive volcanic activity is crucial since this kind of activity can release copious amounts of volcanic ash and gases into the atmosphere, causing severe dangers to aviation. In this work, we show how the joint analysis of seismic and infrasonic data by wavelet transform coherence (WTC) can be useful to ...

Alparone, S., Andronico, D., Sgroi, T., Ferrari, F., Lodato, L., and Reitano, D.: Alert system to mitigate tephra fallout hazards at Mt. Etna Volcano, Italy, Nat. Hazards 43, 333–350, 2007a.; Alparone, S., Cannata, A., and Gresta, S.: Time variation of spectral and wavefield features of volcanic tremor at Mt. Etna (January–June 1999), J. Volcanol. Geoth. Res., 161, 318–332, 2007b.; Andronico, D. and Lodato, L.: Effusive activity at Mount Etna volcano (Italy) during the 2...

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A Probabilistic View on the August 2005 Floods in the Upper Rhine ...

By: B. Ahrens; A. Walser; T. Ewen; S. Jaun; C. Schär

Description: Institute for Atmospheric and Climate Science, ETH Zurich, Switzerland. Appropriate precautions in the case of flood occurrence often require long lead times (several days) in hydrological forecasting. This in turn implies large uncertainties that are mainly inherited from the meteorological precipitation forecast. Here we present a case study of the extreme flood event of August 2005 in the Swiss part of the Rhine catchment (total area 34 550 km2<...

Ahrens, B.: Evaluation of precipitation forecasting with the limited area model ALADIN in an alpine watershed, Meteorol. Z., 12, 245–255, \doi10.1127/0941-2948/2003/0012-0245, 2003.; Ahrens, B. and Walser, A.: Information-based skill scores for probabilistic forecasts, Mon. Weather Rev., 136, 352–363, \doi10.1175/2007MWR1931.1, 2008.; Bergström, S. and Forsman, A.: Development of a conceptual deterministic rainfall-runoff model., Nord. Hydrol., 4, 147–170, 1973.; Bezzola...

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Assessing Residential Building Values in Spain for Risk Analyses –...

By: F. J. Torrijo; E. Gielen; S. Palencia; I. Cantarino

Description: Departament of Land Engineering, Polytechnic University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain. This paper proposes a method of valuing the stock of residential buildings in Spain as the first step in assessing possible damage caused to them by natural hazards. For the purposes of the study we had access to the SIOSE (the Spanish Land Use and Cover Information System), a high-resolution land-use model, as well as to a report on the financial valuations of this ty...

Alexander, D.: Natural Disasters. University College London Press, London, 632 pp., 1993; Alexander, D.: Confronting Catastrophe, New York: Oxford University Press, 288 pp., 2000.; Albert, C. and Uriel, E.: El stock de capital de viviendas (1990–2010) y en otras construcciones (1990–2009) en España, y su distribución territorial, Fundación BBVA, available at: http://www.fbbva.es/TLF...

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Strong Ground Motion Prediction for Southwestern China from Small ...

By: Z. R. Tao; A. P. Cui; X. X. Tao

Description: Key Laboratory of Earthquake Engineering and Engineering Vibration, Institute of Engineering Mechanics, China Earthquake Administration, Harbin, China. For regions lack of strong ground motion records, a method is developed to predict strong ground motion by small earthquake records from local broadband digital earthquake networks. Sichuan and Yunnan regions, located in southwestern China, are selected as the targets. Five regional source and crustal...

Atkinson, G. M.: Attenuation of strong ground motion in Canada from a random vibrations approach, B. Seismol. Soc. Am., 74, 2629–2653, 1984.; Atkinson, G. M. and Boore, D. M.: Ground-motion relation for Eastern North America, B. Seismol. Soc. Am., 85, 17–30, 1995.; Atkinson, G. M. and Mereu, R. F.: The shape of ground motion attenuation curves in Southeastern Canada, B. Seismol. Soc. Am., 82, 2014–2031, 1992.; Atkinson, G. M. and Silva, W.: Stochastic modeling of Califor...

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Considering Hazard Estimation Uncertain in Urban Resilience Strate...

By: G. Mazo; S. Girard; P. Bernardara; B. Barroca

Description: Lab'Urba, Paris-Est university, 5 Bd Descartes, 77454 Marne-La-Vallée, France. Urbanization has led to a higher concentration of both persons and property, which increases the potential degree of damage liable to occur in crisis situations. Urban areas have become increasingly complex socio-technical systems where the inextricable tangle of activities, networks and regions means disruptions propagate rather than disseminate.

In risk anticipati...

Adger, W. N., Dessai, S., Goulden, M., Hulme, M., Lorenzoni, I., Nelson, D. R., Naess, L. O., Wolf, J., and Wreford, A.: Are there social limits to adaptation to climate change?, Clim. Change, 93, 335–354, 2008.; ASCE: Guiding Principles for the Nation's Critical Infrastructure, ISBN 978-0-7844-1063-9, 42 p., 2009.; Barroca, B.: Risque et vulnérabilités territoriales – Les inondations en milieu urbain, University of Marne-la-Vallée, PhD thesis, 340p., 2006 (in French).; ...

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Flood Modelling with a Distributed Event-based Parsimonious Rainfa...

By: V. Borrell-estupina; C. Bouvier; H. Jourde; M. Coustau

Description: Laboratoire Hydrosciences Montpellier (UMR 5569 CNRS-IRD-UM1-UM2) CC 057, Université Montpellier 2, Maison des Sciences de l'Eau, Place Eugène Bataillon, 34095 Montpellier Cedex 5, France. Rainfall-runoff models are crucial tools for the statistical prediction of flash floods and real-time forecasting. This paper focuses on a karstic basin in the South of France and proposes a distributed parsimonious event-based rainfall-runoff model, coherent with the p...

Arnaud, P., Bouvier, C., Cisneros, L., and Dominguez, R.: Influence of rainfall spatial variability on flood prediction, J. Hydrol., 260, 216–230, 2002.; Avias, J.: Karstic aquifer of mediterranean type, geological controls: Lez spring (North Montpellieran karsts) example, IAH, Hydrogeology of selected karst regions, 13, 89–113, 1992.; Ayral, P. A., Sauvagnargues-Lesage, S., and Bressand, F.: Contribution à la spatialisation du modèle opérationnel de prévision des crues ...

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Comparative Flood Damage Model Assessment: Towards a European Appr...

By: H. Apel; J. I. Barredo; H. Kreibich; P. D. Bates; J. C. J. H. Aerts; P. J. Ward; B. Jongman; L. Feyen; A. Gericke; J. Neal

Description: Institute for Environmental Studies (IVM), VU University Amsterdam, The Netherlands. There is a wide variety of flood damage models in use internationally, differing substantially in their approaches and economic estimates. Since these models are being used more and more as a basis for investment and planning decisions on an increasingly large scale, there is a need to reduce the uncertainties involved and develop a harmonised European approach, in part...

Barredo, J. I.: Normalised flood losses in Europe: 1970–2006, Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 9, 97–104, doi:10.5194/nhess-9-97-2009, 2009.; Barredo, J. I. and De Roo, A.: Flood damage functions for EU member states. Flood risk mapping using Corine land cover datasets, CONHAZ Project Presentation, Ghent, 2010.; Barredo, J. I., Saur\'i, D., and Llasat, M. C.: Assessing trends in insured losses from floods in Spain 1971–...

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An Approach to Build an Event Set of European Wind Storms Based on...

By: P. Lorenz; M. Voigt; T. Kruschke; E. Faust; R. Osinski; U. Ulbrich; D. Majewski; T. Hofherr; G. C. Leckebusch

Description: Institute of Meteorology, Freie Universität Berlin, Berlin, Germany. The properties of European wind storms under present climate conditions are estimated on the basis of surface wind forecasts from the European Center of Medium-Range Weather Forecast (ECMWF) Ensemble Prediction System (EPS). While the EPS is designed to provide forecast information of the range of possible weather developments starting from the observed state of weather, we use it...

Boé, J., Terray, L., Habets, F., and Martin, E.: Statistical and dynamical downscaling of the Seine basin climate for hydro-meteorological studies, Int. J. Climatol., 27, 1643–1655, doi:10.1002/joc.1602, 2007.; Bouttier, F. and Rabier, F.: The operational implementation of 4D-Var, ECMWF Newslett., 78, 2–6, 1997.; Buizza, R. and Hollingsworth, A.: Storm prediction over Europe using ECMWF ensemble prediction system, Meteorol. ...

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The Earthquake Sedimentary Record in the Western Part of the Sea o...

By: P. Martinez; S. Schmidt; L. Drab; A. Hubert Ferrari

Description: CNRS/INSU, UMR8538, Laboratoire de Géologie de l'Ecole Normale Supérieure, Paris, France. The submarine part of the North Anatolian Fault (NAF) is a very significant hazard for the 12 million people living in Istanbul (Turkey). An accurate seismic risk assessment necessitates paleoseismological data, which can be retrieved in the Marmara Sea by using sedimentary cores. Here, a record of turbidites was obtained in five cores, spanning the Tekirdağ Basin, ...

Adams, J.: Paleoseismicity of the Cascadia Subduction Zone – Evidence from Turbidites off the Oregon-Washington Margin, Tectonics, 9, 1990.; Abrajano, T., Aksu, A., Hiscott, R., and Mudie, P.: Aspects of carbon isotope biogeochemistry of late Quaternary sediments from the Marmara Sea and Black Sea, Mar. Geol., 190, 151–164, 2002.; Aksoy, M., Meghraoui, M., Vall{é}e, M., and Ç}akır, Z.: {Rupture characteristics of the AD 1912 M{ü}refte (Ganos) earthquake segment of the No...

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Relationship Between Seismicity and Water Level in the Enguri High...

By: T. Chelidze; N. Zhukova; T. Matcharasvili; L. Telesca

Description: Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Istituto di Metodologie per l'Analisi Ambientale, C. da S. Loja, 85050 Tito (PZ), Italy. The declustered seismic catalog from 1965 to 2010 around the Enguri high dam reservoir in western Georgia was analyzed using the singular spectrum analysis (SSA) technique in order to investigate the relationship of local seismicity with the reservoir water variations. In particular, the seismic activity was analyzed in two periods...

Chander, R. and Sarkar, L.: Reservoir induced microearthquakes around Tarbela dam, Pakistan Hymalaya, J. Geol. Soc. India, 41, 540–543, 1993.; Chelidze, T., Lursmanashvili, O., Matcharashvili, T., Varamashvili, N., and Zhukova, N.: Mepharidze, High-order synchronization of stick–slip process: experiments on spring–slider system, Nonlin. Dynam., 59, 259–275, 2010.; Crockett, R. G. M., Perrier, F., and Richon, P.: Spectral-decomposition techniques for the identification of...

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A Long Range Dependent Model with Nonlinear Innovations for Simula...

By: L. Márkus; P. Elek

Description: Department of Probability Theory and Statistics, Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, Hungary. We present the analysis aimed at the estimation of flood risks of Tisza River in Hungary on the basis of daily river discharge data registered in the last 100 years. The deseasonalised series has skewed and leptokurtic distribution and various methods suggest that it possesses substantial long memory. This motivates the attempt to fit a fractional ARIMA model wit...

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The Xws Open Access Catalogue of Extreme European Windstorms from ...

By: M. A. Stringer; L. C. Shaffrey; H. E. Thornton; B. D. Youngman; L. C. Dawkins; J. F. Roberts; D. B. Stephenson; K. I. Hodges; A. J. Champion

Description: Met Office Hadley Centre, Exeter, UK. The XWS (eXtreme WindStorms) catalogue consists of storm tracks and model-generated maximum 3 s wind-gust footprints for 50 of the most extreme winter windstorms to hit Europe in the period 1979–2012. The catalogue is intended to be a valuable resource for both academia and industries such as (re)insurance, for example allowing users to characterise extreme European storms, and validate climate and catastrophe mo...

Beljaars, A. C. M.: The Influence of Sampling and Filtering on Measured Wind Gusts, J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol., 4, 613–626, 1987.; Bessemoulin, P.: Les têmpetes en France, Annales des Mines, 9–14, 2002 (in French).; Berrisford, P., Dee, D., Poli, P., Brugge, R., Fielding, K., Fuentes, M., Kållberg, P., Kobayashi, S., Uppala, S., and Simmons, A.: ERA report series: The ERA-Interim archive, version 2.0, Tech. rep., ECMWF, 2011.; Born, K., Ludwig, P., and Pinto, J. G.: Wind ...

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Nonlinear Probability Distributions of Waves in Bimodal Following ...

By: C. Guedes Soares; P. G. Petrova

Description: Centre for Marine Technology and Engineering (CENTEC), Instituto Superior Técnico, Technical University of Lisbon, 1049-001 Lisbon, Portugal. This paper presents an analysis of the nonlinear distributions of crests, troughs and heights of deep water waves from mixed following sea states generated mechanically in an offshore basin and compares with previous results for mixed crossing seas from the same experiment. The random signals at the wavemaker in bo...

Arena, F. and Guedes Soares, C.: Nonlinear crest, trough and wave height distributions in sea states with double-peaked spectra, J. Offshore Mech. Arct., 131, 041105-1–041105-8, 2009.; Bitner, E.: Non-linear effects of the statistical model of shallow-water wind waves, Appl. Ocean Res., 2, 63–73, 1980.; Bitner-Gregersen, E. and Hagen, Ø.: Effects of two-peak spectra on wave crest statistics, in: Proceedings of the 22nd International Conference on Offshore Mechanics and A...

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River Flood Risk in Jakarta Under Scenarios of Future Change : Vol...

By: P. Ward; D. Tollenaar; J. C. J. H. Aerts; Y. Budiyono

Description: Institute for Environmental Studies (IVM), VU University Amsterdam, Amsterdam, the Netherlands. Given the increasing impacts of flooding in Jakarta, methods for assessing current and future flood risk are required. In this paper, we use the Damagescanner-Jakarta risk model to project changes in future river flood risk under scenarios of climate change, land subsidence, and land use change. We estimate current flood risk at USD 143 million p.a. Combi...

Abdrabbo, F. M. and Gaaver, K. E.: Installation effects of auger cast-in-place piles, Alexandria Engineering Journal, 51, 281–292, doi:10.1016/j.aej.2012.08.001, 2012.; Abidin, H. Z., Andreas, H., Gumilar, I., Fukuda, Y., Pohan, Y. E., and Deguchi, T.: Land subsidence of Jakarta (Indonesia) and its relation with urban development, Nat. Hazards, 59, 1753–1771, doi:1...

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Improvements of Safety Conditions of Unstable Rock Slopes Through ...

By: D. Peila; C. Oggeri; M. Casale

Description: Pangea, Torino, Italy. The paper discusses operations aimed at creating a safer natural or man made rock slope by artificially inducing the displacement of unstable elements by blasting. A detailed analysis of the problems with the use of explosives present when conducting these activities is carried out focusing on the advantages and disadvantages of this technology. The results of two examples of demolition of instable rock elements are presented and ...

Berta, G.: Esplosioni controllate per la bonifica di massi pericolanti, Quarry & Construction, 5,PEI, Parma, 2000, (in Italian).; Crosta, G. B. and Agliardi, F.: A methodology for physically based rockfall hazard assessment, Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 3, 407–422, 2003.; DeWall, R.: Paul Muehl Leaves Blaster's Legacy at Crazy Horse Memorial, J. Expl. Eng., 13, 6–14, 1996.; Cardu, M., Oggeri, C., Peila, D., and Casale, M.: Bonifiche con esplosivo, Proceedings of the Co...

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